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Health-related quality of life in European women following myocardial infarction: A cross-sectional study
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Department of Medical Psychology, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria.
Cardiovascular Prevention, Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, University Hospitals Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland.
Institute of Health and Caring Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1873-1953, E-ISSN 1474-5151, Vol. 14, no 4, 326-333 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Coronary heart disease is a major contributor to women’s health problems.

Design: Self-perceived social support, well-being and health-related quality of life (HRQL) were documented in the cross-sectional HeartQoL survey of European women one and six months after a myocardial infarction.

Methods: European women were recruited in 18 European countries and grouped into four geographical regions (Southern Europe, Northern Europe, Western Europe and Eastern Europe). Continuous socio-demographic variables and categorical variables were compared by age and region with ANOVA and χ2, respectively; multiple regression models were used to identify predictors of social support, well-being and HRQL.

Results: Women living in the Eastern European region rated social support, well-being and HRQL significantly lower than women in the other regions. Older women had lower physical HRQL scores than younger women. Eastern European women rated social support, well-being and HRQL significantly lower than women in the other regions. Prediction of the dependent variables (social support, well-being and HRQL) by socio-demographic factors varied by total group, in the older age group, and by region; body mass index and managerial responsibility were the most consistent significant predictors. © The European Society of Cardiology 2014.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, UK: Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 14, no 4, 326-333 p.
Keyword [en]
Health-related quality of life, myocardial infarction, social support, well-being, women
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27301DOI: 10.1177/1474515114535330ISI: 000357949600007PubMedID: 24821717Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84937043005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-27301DiVA: diva2:772772
Note

This work was supported by the Heart and Lung Association in Sweden. Grant number: E 088/10.

Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2015-09-29Bibliographically approved

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