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Research ethics within the study: Fitness professionals’ talk of health and orthorexia nervosa
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF). Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3918-7904
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Department of Food and Nutrition, and Sport Science, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8345-8994
2014 (English)In: 4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, 2014, p. 37-37Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Fitness center activities have gained popularity. One central role fitness staff members have is to help participants to become or maintain health and fitness. In recent years, a new phenomenon – orthorexia nervosa, which M.D. Bratman coined in the late 1990s – has emerged. He termed orthorexia as "a fixation on eating healthy food". Research has mentioned that participants in sports and fitness activities may be at higher risk of becoming orthorexic. Since the late 1990s, orthorexia has been noticed, also in Swedish newspaper articles. In so doing, the 'condition' has evolved to include fanatic exercise and eating behaviours. Fitness professionals might thus work with individuals that are considered to suffering from orthorexia. The purpose of this presentation is to elucidate and problematize ethical issues that are raised during the research that deals with personal trainers and group fitness instructors talk of health and orthorexia. The material will consist of four focus groups with 18 fitness professionals that work in Swedish fitness centers. It will be carried out as a qualitative study. This study raises ethical issues, including for instance: a) by focusing and giving attention to orthorexia, the study may contribute to categorizing "the problem", as well as enlarge it. This paradoxical situation as the aim is to contribute scientific knowledge that can problematize orthorexia; b) the challenge to manage and balance a critical approach without causing harm (e.g. introduce orthorexia to fitness professionals who might have an erroneous perspective of and/or have little knowledge about orthorexia) (cf. Halse & Honey, 2005).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. p. 37-37
Keywords [en]
Fitness center, Fitness professionals', Orthorexia, Research ethics
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-27186OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-27186DiVA, id: diva2:769545
Conference
4th International Conference on Qualitative Research in Sport & Exercise, Loughborough, United Kingdom, 1-3 September, 2014
Available from: 2014-12-08 Created: 2014-12-08 Last updated: 2018-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Håman (née Eriksson), LinnBarker-Ruchti, NatalieLindgren, Eva-Carin

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