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Ohälsa hos barn med dyslexi: - en angelägenhet för skolsköterskor
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Ill-health in children withdyslexia : – an issue for school nurses (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Dyslexi innebär problem med att läsa och skriva. Problemet är vanligt och cirka fem till tio procent av alla skolbarn beräknas ha dyslexi. Dyslexi är ett funktionshinder som ofta leder till ohälsa hos skolbarn. Ohälsan är svårtolkad och skolsköterskan har en viktig roll i att förebygga, upptäcka samt minska konsekvenserna av funktionshindret. Syftet med studien var att identifiera tecken på ohälsa hos barn med dyslexi och vilka faktorer som påverkar ohälsan. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie där 11 vetenskapliga artiklar granskades. Resultatet visade att barn med dyslexi hade betydligt fler emotionella, psykosociala och beteende problem. Barnens självkänsla var låg, de blev ofta mobbade och skolsituationen upplevdes som jobbig. För att må bra utvecklade barnen mer eller mindre bra strategier. Positivt för barnen var att ha kamrater, föräldrar och lärare som förstod dem, ha en egen positiv attityd samt att vara duktig på något som inte hade med läsning att göra. För att förebygga ohälsa bör barnen tidigt och med hjälp av specialpedagogiska metoder för dyslektiker lära sig att läsa och skolsköterska bör utveckla rutiner för att snabbt och tidigt upptäcka ohälsa.

Abstract [en]

Dyslexia implicates problems with reading and writing. The problem is common and approximately five to ten percent of all schoolchildren are estimated to have dyslexia. Dyslexia is a disability that often leads to ill-health among schoolchildren. Ill-health is difficult to interpret and the school nurse has an important role to prevent, detect and to reduce the impact of the disability. The purpose of this study was to identify signs for ill-health seen in children with dyslexia and what factors that affect the ill-health. This study was conducted as a literature review in which 11 scientific articles were reviewed. The results showed that children with dyslexia had significantly more emotional, psychosocial and behavioural problems. The children's self-esteem was low, they were often bullied and the school situation was perceived as annoying. In order to feel good have the children developed more or less successful strategies. Positive for the children was to have friends, parents and teachers who understand them, have a positive attitude and be good at something that not had to do with reading. In order to prevent ill-health should the children early get help of special teaching methods for dyslexics and the school nurse would develop procedures for a rapid and early detection of ill-health.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 14 p.
Keyword [en]
Dyslexia, ill-health, school children, school nurse
Keyword [sv]
Dyslexi, ohälsa, skolbarn, skolsköterska
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-26319DiVA: diva2:741852
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-29 Created: 2014-08-29 Last updated: 2014-08-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(402 kB)148 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 402 kBChecksum SHA-512
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf