hh.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Post-activation Potentiation in Moderately Heavy Squats following a Heavy Pre-load Squat
Halmstad University, School of Business and Engineering (SET), Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Biomechanics and Biomedicine.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Post-activation potentiation (PAP) is a phenomenon where force output is acutely enhanced

following muscular contraction. Previous research has documented enhanced performance in

power-type light exercise following a heavy pre-load, such as vertical jumps following heavy

squats. To date, the effect of PAP on moderately heavy exercise following a heavy pre-load

has not been investigated. Purpose: The purpose was to examine whether PAP could be

elicited in moderately heavy squats following a heavy squat pre-load, and if so, what intensity

(as percentage of one repetition-maximum [1RM]) of pre-load elicited the highest PAP effect

(measured as mean power, mean force and number of repetitions performed). Subjects:

Seventeen resistance-trained males (age 24±2 years, length 182±8 cm, body mass 84.7±13.1

kg, squat 1RM 147.6±29.6 kg) with at least 2 years of experience of the squat exercise.

Methods: After testing parallel squat 1RM at a separate session, subjects performed three

testing sessions in a randomized order in a cross-over design; performance test at 80% of

parallel squat 1RM (control), one repetition at 85% of 1RM followed 8 minutes later by the

same performance test (PAP85), and one repetition at 93% of 1RM followed 8 minutes later

by the same performance test (PAP93). Sessions were separated by six days. Force and power

output was recorded using a linear encoder. Friedman’s test was used to reveal differences

between conditions, and a Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to identify these differences.

Results: There was an increase in number of repetitions performed for PAP85 (p=0.009) and

PAP93 (p=0.001) compared to control, but not for mean power or mean force. There was no

significant difference between PAP85 and PAP93 for number of repetitions (p=0.091).

Conclusion: PAP can be elicited to improve performance in moderately heavy squats

following a heavy squat pre-load in trained subjects, but only measured as number of

repetitions performed, not force or power. PAP could therefore be useful not only for

designing power training, but also for strength and hypertrophy training.

KEYWORDS: squat, post-activation potentiation, PAP, strength, power, hypertrophy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 36 p.
Keyword [en]
Squat, PAP, Post-activation potentiation, strength, exercise, power, 1RM
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-26290OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-26290DiVA: diva2:740291
Subject / course
Biomedicine Targeting Physical Education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-10-01 Created: 2014-08-24 Last updated: 2014-10-01Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Post-activation Potentiation in Moderately Heavy Squats following a Heavy Pre-load Squat(771 kB)489 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 771 kBChecksum SHA-512
4c70d9deb6a886217fae5cbcbc02fe50d04c73dc6653627098d7ea7612599cdd4edd5fa6c1069396031af3dfe400960e911bfc3e96f2410e1b4736598a848db9
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Biomechanics and Biomedicine
Sport and Fitness Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 489 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 659 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf