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Unga vuxnas erfarenheter av att ha fått diagnosen ADHD
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Young adults experience of what it´s like to have an ADHD-diagnosis (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att leva med ADHD innefattar en rad problem som hos den drabbade individen kan

leda till sociala svårigheter och i förlängningen till ytterligare psykiska

sjukdomstillstånd, såsom ångest och depression. Det är därför angeläget att undersöka

unga människors egna erfarenheter av vad det innebär att ha fått diagnosen ADHD,

för att finna vägar som kan reducera riskerna som kommer med diagnosen. Denna

studie riktar sig till unga vuxna med ADHD och syftar till att öka kunskapen om de

unga vuxnas erfarenheter av att ha fått diagnosen ADHD. Till studien rekryterades

fyra unga kvinnor som alla hade fått sin diagnos inom det gångna året. Informanterna

randomiserades ur ett barnpsykiatriskt register inom Region Halland. Informanterna

tillfrågades via telefon och vid intervjutillfället genom erhölls skriftlig information

samt samtyckesformulär. Studiens resultat visar på sambandet mellan ADHD och

andra problem. Flertalet av informanterna hade känslor av utanförskap och

svårigheter med att passa in med flertalet misslyckande i sin historia. Att ha fått en

diagnos bidrog till att få sina bekymmer förklarade inte minst för sig själv men även

för sin omgivning. Studiens resultat visade även på gruppens rädsla inför att byta

vårdkontakt främst gällande övergången från barnpsykiatri till vuxenpsykiatri. Den

aktuella studien visade att det är vanligt med olika problem hos individer som har

ADHD men även vilken betydande personlig vinst det kunde innebära att få diagnos

och därmed den hjälp som är anpassad. Då studien enbart är gjord på fyra informanter

är resultatet inte generaliserbart. Dock kan studien användas som bakgrund till en

större studie med fler informanter. Kunskapsläget på området är idag bristfälligt då

det handlar om enskildas individers erfarenheter. Studien kan därmed bidra till att

ytterligare undersökningar genomförs och med det kan vården förbättras och anpassas

ytterligare för att gynna patienterna.

Abstract [en]

Living with ADHD can lead to a number of problems for the individuals receiving the

diagnosis. Social- and psychological difficulties and other mental illnesses like

depression and anxiety are all conditions that can occur when individuals are

diagnosed with ADHD. Based on these facts it is urgent to examine young adult’s

own experiences of what it means to live with an ADHD diagnosis to find ways to

reduce the risks following the diagnosis. This study’s aim turns focus on young adults

with ADHD, and the purpose is to increase the knowledge in what’s important after

receiving a diagnosis from a nursing perspective. Four young women who all had

received their diagnosis during the past year were recruited to the study. The

informants were randomized from a children's psychiatric registry in Region Halland

.

The informants were contacted by phone and asked to participate in the study. Before

the interviews started they were asked to fill in a consent form. The findings from

your study clearly show a correlation between ADHD and other troubles in young

adults everyday life. The majority of the informants describe feelings of exclusion

with multiple failures in adaption as a result. Receiving a diagnosis contributed to get

an explanation for their troubles, not only for themselves but to their environment as

well. The result of the study also show the group's fear of changing health care

contact mainly concerning the transition from child psychiatry for adult psychiatry.

The study shows a high prevalence of trouble among individuals who have ADHD

but also what an enormous personal profit it may mean getting diagnosis when the

support can be individually adjusted. The study is based on only four informants and

the result is therefore not possible to generalize on a larger group, however, the study

can be used as background for a larger study with more informants. The current state

of scientific knowledge in the field today are insufficient and most facts are based on

individuals own experiences. We hope that our findings can contribute to further

research that can benefit the nursing care for the patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 13 p.
Keyword [en]
ADHD, daily life, transition, psychiatric nursing, young adults, experience
Keyword [sv]
ADHD, erfarenheter, psykiatrisk omvårdnad, unga vuxna, vardag, övergång
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25476OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25476DiVA: diva2:721236
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-06-10 Created: 2014-06-03 Last updated: 2014-06-11Bibliographically approved

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Aggebrink, JennyWikås, Carina
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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