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Liner surface improvements for low friction piston ring packs
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK). Getinge Sterilization AG, Getinge, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK), Functional Surfaces.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3149-4296
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK). (Funktionella ytor)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8058-1252
2014 (English)In: Surface Topography : Metrology and Properties, ISSN 2051-672X, Vol. 2, no 1, 014009Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of engine components in the automotive industry is governed by several constraints such as environmental legislation and customer expectations. About a half of the frictional losses in an internal combustion engine come from the interactions between the piston assembly and cylinder liner surface. The tribological considerations in the contact between the piston ring and cylinder liner have attracted much attention over the past few decades. Many non-conventional cylinder liner finishes have been, and are being, developed with the aim to reduce friction losses and oil consumption, but the effects of the surface finish on piston ring pack performance is not well understood. One way of reducing friction in the cylinder system is to reduce the tangential load from the piston ring pack, focusing on the oil control ring. However, the side-effect of this is a disappointingly increased oil consumption. In this study a number of different cylinder liner surface specifications were developed and implemented in test engines with the aim of maintaining the level for oil consumption when decreasing the tangential load for the piston ring pack. To improve our understanding of the result, the same surfaces were evaluated in elastic and elasto-plastic rough contact and hydrodynamic flow simulation models. It is shown that oil consumption is strongly related to surface texture on the cylinder liners and at lower speeds (900–1200 rpm), a 'rougher surface' with a high core (e.g. Sk) and valley roughness (e.g. Svk) results in higher oil consumption. At the medium speed range (1200–3600 rpm), oil consumption continues to dominate for the 'rough' surfaces but with a visible influence of a lower oil consumption for a decreased roughness within the 'rough' surface group. 'Smooth' surfaces with a 'smooth' core (Sk), irrespective of the valley component (Svk), show similar oil consumption. For engine speeds above 3600 rpms, an increase in plateau roughness results in higher oil consumption. Throughout the study, standard roughness parameters were computed to compare with the results from engine testing and simulation. Future work will be directed to continuous optimization between oil consumption and friction. Improving the understanding of the functional cylinder system surfaces' ability to form oil films in the cylinder system opens up opportunities, not only in reducing the tangential load of piston ring packs but also in optimizing oil viscosity in order to reduce friction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bristol: Institute of Physics (IOP), 2014. Vol. 2, no 1, 014009
Keyword [en]
low friction, cylinder liner, piston, topography, oil consumption
National Category
Mechanical Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25263DOI: 10.1088/2051-672X/2/1/014009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84979197150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25263DiVA: diva2:715162
Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2017-04-03Bibliographically approved

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Anderberg, CeciliaDimkovski, ZlateRosén, Bengt - Göran
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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