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Lifestyle factors were seldom discussed with patients visiting a rheumatology clinic
Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6294-538X
Spenshult Research and Development Center, Halmstad, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8081-579X
2013 (English)In: Arthritis and Rheumatism, ISSN 0004-3591, E-ISSN 1529-0131, Vol. 65, no Special issue, Supplement 10, S982-S983, Meeting Abstract: 2307 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background/Purpose: There is increasing evidence that lifestyle factors are of importance for outcome of rheumatic diseases, and lifestyle interventions should be a natural part of management.

The aim was to study if lifestyle factors (diet, physical activity, smoking and alcohol use) were discussed with patients on a regular visit to a specialized rheumatology clinic.

Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to 318 patients visiting an outpatient clinic, and 223 (70%) responded. The questionnaire assessed if lifestyle factors (diet, physical activity, smoking and alcohol use) were discussed at the visit. If not, it also assessed if the patients themselves felt that this discussion would have been desirable.

Results: The questionnaire was answered by 69 (31%) men and 154 (69%) women, and 69% were younger than 65 years. Diet was more frequently discussed with men (14.7% vs. 4.8%) although more women (11.6% vs 4.4%) would have desired it to be discussed. 83% of the patients did not consider that it was needed to discuss at all. Physical activity was discussed with 28% of the patients, without any significant difference between men and women. Only 8% of those not having this discussion thought that they needed it. Smoking was discussed with 15%, without any significant difference between men and women. Alcohol use was discussed with more men than women (15.9% vs. 4.0%). Of those not having this discussion 3% of the women but none of the men thought that they needed it.

Conclusion: Although recommended as part of management, lifestyle factors are seldom discussed with the patients, and this discussion is not actively thought for by the patients. Lifestyle factors are more frequently discussed with men although women would have desired to have this discussion to a higher extent. There is a need for health care to actively take the initiative and discuss lifestyle as part of regular care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2013. Vol. 65, no Special issue, Supplement 10, S982-S983, Meeting Abstract: 2307 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-25234ISI: 000325359205254OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-25234DiVA: diva2:715016
Conference
77th Annual Meeting of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) / 48th Annual Meeting of the Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals, San Diego, CA, USA, October 25‐30, 2013
Available from: 2014-04-30 Created: 2014-04-30 Last updated: 2015-02-18Bibliographically approved

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https://ww2.rheumatology.org/apps/MyAnnualMeeting/Abstract/37058

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Bergman, StefanBremander, Ann
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