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Distriktssköterskans preventiva arbete för unga kvinnor med stressrelaterade symtom
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
District Nurse’s preventive work for young women with stress-related symptoms (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stressrelaterade symtomen har ökat i samhället och framförallt bland yngre kvinnor. Grundstenarna i distriktssköterskans arbete är att främja hälsa och förebygga sjukdom. Ett preventivt arbetssätt har visats ha god effekt på stress. Syftet: Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur distriktssköterskan skattar förekomsten av unga kvinnor som söker med stressrelaterade symtom, samt synliggöra distriktssköterskans preventiva arbete. Metod: Studien utfördes som en kvantitativ enkätundersökning. 52 distriktssköterskor som arbetade på 12 vårdcentraler i Halmstad inkluderades i studien. Dataanalysen genomfördes med deskriptiv och analytisk statistik. Resultat: 90,0% av distriktssköterskorna mötte 1-4 unga kvinnor per vecka med oro och ångest. 80,6% mötte 1-4 kvinnor med trötthet och sömnproblem. Patienterna hänvisades främst till läkare, därefter kurator och psykolog. Endast två av de 32 deltagande skulle hänvisa kvinnorna till en distriktssköterska. Konklusion: Majoriteten av distriktssköterskorna mötte flera unga kvinnor med stressrelaterade symtom varje vecka. De preventiva åtgärderna skiljdes åt beroende på symtom. I studien framkommer distriktssköterskornas önskemål om riktlinjer och utbildning i ämnet unga kvinnor och stress, vilket kan leda till möjligheter att utveckla preventionsarbetet i primärvården.

Abstract [en]

Background: Stress-related symptoms have increased in the community, especially among young women. The basics in the district nurse’s profession are to promote health and prevent sickness. Preventive strategies have shown good effects on stress. Aim: The aim of the study was to examine how the district nurse estimates the occurrence of young women contacting them because of stress-related symptoms, and to visible the district nurse’s preventive work. Method: The study was conducted as a quantitative survey. 52 district nurses who worked in 12 medical-centers in Halmstad were included in the study. Data was analyzed with descriptive and analytic statistics. Results: 90,0% of the district nurses met 1-4 young women/week with anxiety. 80,6% met 1-4 young women/week with tiredness or sleeping disorder. The patients were primarily referred to physicians, counselors or psychologists. Only two of the 32 participating would refer women to a district nurse.Conclusion: The majority of the district nurse’s met many young women with stress-related symptoms every week. The preventive work differed depending on the symptoms. The study shows the district nurses requests of guidelines and education on young women and stress, which could contribute to possibilities to advance the work with prevention in medical-centers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , p. 20
Keywords [en]
District nurse, Prevention, Stress, Stress-related symptoms, Young women
Keywords [sv]
Distriktssköterska, Prevention, Stress, Stressrelaterade symtom, Unga kvinnor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-24808OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-24808DiVA, id: diva2:708280
Subject / course
Nursing
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-08 Created: 2014-03-08 Last updated: 2014-04-08Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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