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Open source in the firm: Opening up professional practices of software development
University of Borås, Department of Educational and Behavioral Sciences, Allegatan 1, SE-501 90 Borås, Sweden.
University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied Information Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6453-3653
University of Gothenburg, Department of Applied Information Technology, SE-412 96 Göteborg, Sweden.
2011 (English)In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 40, no 4, 576-587 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Opening up firms to open source has changed professional programmers' work in software development. In their work practice they must cope with two modes of software production: one based on proprietary, closed work situations, the other built around open source community ways of cooperation and knowledge sharing. In this article we present a study of how programmers cope with the co-existence of an industrial/commercial and a community/commons based mode of production. We analyze how they develop strategies to handle tensions that arise from contradictions between these two modes, and how it changes programmers' approach towards open source software development in the company. The study covers proprietary companies that have gradually incorporated open source software (hybrid companies) and SMEs entirely built around open source business concepts (pure-play companies). Four strategies are elaborated and discussed in-depth: Engineering in the lab, Market driven tailoring, Developing the community consortium and Peer-production. At a more general level, the study contributes to our understanding of how the transformation of proprietary production processes into a more open mode of knowledge work is not only associated with company strategies, but also with tensions and new demands on how work is strategically handled by knowledge workers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2011. Vol. 40, no 4, 576-587 p.
Keyword [en]
Open source software development, Professional programmers, Tensions, Strategies
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-21192DOI: 10.1016/j.respol.2010.11.003ISI: 000290244200006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79953242714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-21192DiVA: diva2:589038
Available from: 2013-01-16 Created: 2013-01-16 Last updated: 2015-09-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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Output format
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