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Associations between general self efficacy, barriers to care and self-reported mental illness—a population-based study
The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden & Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4773-1447
The Sahlgrenska Academy at University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
2010 (English)In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 20, no Suppl. 1, 69-69 p.Article in journal, Meeting abstract (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Mental illness is an increasing health problem globally. However, many individuals do not seek health care although evidence-based care is available. Research has shown that self efficacy is associated with various health outcomes and it is of importance to investigate if it also is associated mental illness. Early detection promotes recovery and decreases suicide risk.

Aim

The aim of this study is to investigate whether low levels of self efficacy is associated with a higher degree of mental illness and whether level of self-efficacy influence health seeking behaviour.

Methods

This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the Health Assets study, with data collected in 2008 in West Sweden. The study population is a randomly selected population sample of 4027 individuals, aged 18–65 years. Data collection was done by a postal questionnaire and the response rate was 50.4%. Bi-and multivariate analyses were employed to investigate associations and results were stratified on sex, age, civil status, education and social support.

Results

A total number of 1361 (36%) out of 3811 individuals answered ‘Yes’ on the question ‘Have you ever felt so mentally ill that you had (felt a need) to seek care’. A total of 33% of the women answering yes were found in the lowest quartile of the general self efficacy scale, 20% in the highest quartile. Corresponding figures for men were 30 and 23% respectively. The most common reason stated for not seeking health care was a belief that the mental health problem would disappear by itself. Others reasons mentioned were beliefs that health care would not help, they did not know were to go or they felt ashamed for showing others they suffered from mental illness.

Conclusion

Mental illness is a serious health problem and access to care needs to be improved. Health promotion should also include individual traits/characteristics such as self efficacy and health-seeking behaviour.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010. Vol. 20, no Suppl. 1, 69-69 p.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-21141ISI: 000283675900184OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-21141DiVA: diva2:588682
Conference
3rd European Public Health Conference Integrated Public Health, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 10–13 November, 2010
Available from: 2013-01-15 Created: 2013-01-15 Last updated: 2017-02-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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