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Unraveling the Impact of Investments in ICT, Education and Health on Development: An Analysis of Archival Data of Five West African Countries Using Regression Splines
University of Edinburgh.
The Institute for Innovation and Technology Management, Ryerson University, Canada.
2007 (English)In: Electronic Journal of Information Systems in Developing Countries, ISSN 1681-4835, Vol. 29, no 5, 1-15 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For more than a decade African nations have been investing in Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as a strategy for fostering development. Under the auspices of international development agencies such as the United Nations (UN), and World Bank these nations have been constituting and implementing technology strategies that aim to bring ‘digital opportunities’ to all constituents—especially those who are impoverished and living in remote communities. These strategies have put new demands on national governments to invest both human and financial resources into the expansion of telecommunications infrastructure and the training of new users. Such investments, however, have received some scrutiny as some claim that developing nations should focus their limited financial resources on the improvement of education or healthcare. Others argue that these ICT investments are vital for development, but should be synergized with others such as education and healthcare. In this study we will employ Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines (MARS) to explore the interaction amongst investments in ICT, education and healthcare. We further analyze how each class of investments impacts human development measures in five West African nations: Benin, Cameroon, Senegal, Ivory Coast and Niger. With such an analysis we illustrate the interdependencies amongst the three classes of investments and conclude that investments in ICTs alone are not enough to significantly impact human development. Complementary investments in education and healthcare must be given equal consideration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hong Kong: City University of Hong Kong, Department of Information Systems , 2007. Vol. 29, no 5, 1-15 p.
National Category
Information Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20903OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-20903DiVA: diva2:587130
Available from: 2013-01-14 Created: 2013-01-14 Last updated: 2013-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Ngwenyama, Ojelanki K.
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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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