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Subjective lack of social support and presence of dependent stressful life events characterize patients suffering from major depression compared with healthy volunteers
Department of Psychiatry, Central Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, NEUROTEC, Division of Psychiatry, Huddinge Hospital, M 56, Huddinge, Sweden.
Division of Health and Caring Sciences, Institute of Nursing, Göteborg University, Göteborg, Sweden.
2001 (English)In: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1351-0126, E-ISSN 1365-2850, Vol. 8, no 2, 107-14 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study was to characterize and compare patients with major depression and healthy volunteers concerning stressful negative life events, social support and social network occurring during a 12-month period. Forty outpatients who fulfilled DSM-IV criteria for major depression and 19 healthy volunteers were included in the study. The results showed no significant differences between the patients and the volunteers concerning the number of independent life events, perceived sufficient persons in the network, the number of family members, having a partner, and perceiving family members as offering the best support. Thus, there were differences in the number of both dependent stressful life events, especially increased arguments with partner and family members, and life events including personal illness. The patient group had experienced a greater number of these events compared with the volunteer group. Comparisons between the two groups revealed differences concerning social support and social network. Fewer patients, especially women, felt they had sufficient social support, had fewer persons in the network, less contact with persons in the network, and fewer confidants compared with the volunteers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 8, no 2, 107-14 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20621PubMedID: 11882115OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-20621DiVA: diva2:587060
Available from: 2013-01-14 Created: 2013-01-10 Last updated: 2017-06-02Bibliographically approved

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Skärsäter, Ingela
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