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Vibration-based terrain classification for planetary exploration rovers
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States.
2005 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on robotics, ISSN 1552-3098, Vol. 21, no 6, 1185-1191 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Safe, autonomous mobility in rough terrain is an important requirement for planetary exploration rovers. Knowledge of local terrain properties is critical to ensure a rover's safety on slopes and uneven surfaces. Visual features are often used to classify terrain; however, vision can be sensitive to lighting variations and other effects. This paper presents a method to classify terrain based on vibrations induced in the rover structure by wheel-terrain interaction during driving. This sensing mode is robust to lighting variations. Vibrations are measured using an accelerometer mounted on the rover structure. The classifier is trained using labeled vibration data during an offline learning phase. Linear discriminant analysis is used for online identification of terrain classes, such as sand, gravel, or clay. This approach has been experimentally validated on a laboratory testbed and on a four-wheeled rover in outdoor conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Piscataway, N.J.: IEEE Robotics and Automation Society, 2005. Vol. 21, no 6, 1185-1191 p.
Keyword [en]
Mobile robots, Pattern classification, Robot sensing systems, Rough terrain
National Category
Robotics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20786DOI: 10.1109/TRO.2005.855994ISI: 000234154100015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-29844444582OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-20786DiVA: diva2:586719
Conference
IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, APR, 2005, Barcelona, SPAIN
Available from: 2013-01-12 Created: 2013-01-12 Last updated: 2013-01-29Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf