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Transsexualitet: Transsexuella patienter i vården
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Transsexuality : Transsexual patients in health care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Minoriteter i samhället riskerar att bli exkluderade och diskriminerade på olika sätt. Transsexuella är en grupp som är utsatta för dessa risker inte bara i samhället utan också i vården. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa faktorer som påverkar mötet mellan sjukvårdspersonal och transsexuella i vården. Transsexuella hade svårigheter att finna vårdpersonal som var respektfulla angående deras könsidentitet, detta gav till följd en barriär till vården och gjorde den svåråtkomlig. Vidare upplevde patientgruppen ointresse från personal och det resulterade i en brist gällande deras vårdbehov. En bra vård förekom då vårdpersonal visade respekt och empati till den transsexuelle, detta var relaterat till medvetenhet och kompetens hos vårdpersonal. Diskriminering och transfobi förekom gentemot patientgruppen, orsak till detta var inadekvat kompetens, normer samt personliga värderingar. Generella hälsoproblem hos patientgruppen antogs felaktigt bero på patienternas transsexualitet.

En betydande faktor var att tilltala den transsexuella med rätt pronomen, då en försämrad vårdkvalitet upplevdes om fel pronomen användes i vårdmötet. Den tvåkönade heteronoma vårdsynen exkluderade de transsexuella gällande undersökningar, behandlingar och vårdtillgänglighet.

Brist på tidigare forskning har resulterat i dåligt utbildad personal gällande transsexualitet, denna brist förekom både i primär- och slutenvård. Aktuell kunskap är grundad på klinisk erfarenhet och i mindre omfattning på vetenskaplig evidens. Detta har resulterat i att sjuksköterskestudenter fått en bristfällig formell utbildning gällande transgender frågor.

Abstract [en]

Minorities risk being excluded from society and discriminated in different ways. Transexuals is a group who is exposed to these risks not only in society but also in medical attendance. The purpose of this literature review was to elucidate factors affecting the meeting between health professionals and transsexual patients. Transsexuals had difficulty in finding health professionals who respected their gender identity. This resulted in that health care was made inacces-sible. Furthermore this group of patients experienced disinterest from the professionals and this resulted in a lack of their health care needs. When professionals showed respect and empathy for the transsexual, combined with awareness and competence, the treatment was optimal. Discrimination and transphobia against this group of patients were due to inadequate skills, morals and different individual set of values. General health problems of this group of patients were assumed being caused by the patients transsexuali-ty.

A significant factor was to address the transsexuals by the right pronouns as an impaired quality of care was experienced when wrong pronouns were used during a heath care meeting. The heteronomous view within health care excluded the transsexuals from investigations, treatments and health care availability.

Lack of prior research has resulted in poorly trained professionals regarding transsexuality. This deficiency occurred both in primary and institutional care. Recent knowledge is based on clinical experience and to a less extent of scientific evidence. This has resulted in that nursing students had an inadequate formal education regarding transgender issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Discrimination, Meeting, Straight Normality, Transsexualism, Transgender.
Keyword [sv]
Diskriminering, Heteronormativitet, Möte, Transsexualism, Transgender.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-20564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-20564DiVA: diva2:584029
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-01-09 Created: 2013-01-08 Last updated: 2013-01-09Bibliographically approved

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Kandidatuppsats Transsexuella Patienter i Vården(634 kB)2293 downloads
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Ahlberg, PatrikGrimåsen, Maria
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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