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Coping strategies among long-term injured competitive athletes. A study of 81 men and women in team and individual sports
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
1997 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, Vol. 7, no 6, 367-372 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Differences in personality, mood and coping ability between athletes of a high competitive level with long-term injuries (n=81), with a mean age of 24.4 years, and a matched non-injured group (n=64), with a mean age of 24.2 years, were investigated. Three self-rating scales were employed: mood adjective check-list, general coping questionnaire and Karolinska scales of personality. Although no differences in basic personality traits were found, being injured was found to result in a depressed mood state and in the activation of coping strategies directed at receiving help. Comparisons were made between injured male and female athletes as well as between team-sport and individual-sport athletes. Women were found to become more anxious and tense and to have a stronger inclination to use emotion-focused coping strategies. Team-sport athletes were found to cope more in terms of 'passive acceptance' of help from others, whereas individual athletes were found to activate 'problem-solving' strategies in face of a stressor. The results suggest that social aspects of rehabilitative work are important and support the concept that rehabilitative work with long-term injured athletes should be individualized to be maximally effective. They also support the usefulness of cognitive models of the injured athlete's experience of being long-term injured. Such models, however, do not account for differences between the sexes or between individual and team athletes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: Munksgaard Forlag, 1997. Vol. 7, no 6, 367-372 p.
Keyword [en]
sports, injuries, coping behaviour, personality, gender
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-18806ISI: 000071058300010PubMedID: 9458505Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0031297689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-18806DiVA: diva2:539803
Available from: 2012-07-05 Created: 2012-06-25 Last updated: 2012-07-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
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