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I väntan på ett nytt hjärta
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Waiting for a new heart (English)
Abstract [sv]

Patienter som väntar på hjärttransplantation har en oviss tid framför sig. Det finns ett behov av att utforska patienters upplevelser under denna tid för att sjuksköterskan ska kunna ge optimal omvårdnad. Syftet var att utforska patienters erfarenheter av att vänta på hjärttransplantation och vilken betydelse sjuksköterskans omvårdnad hade under den perioden. Studien genomfördes som en litteraturstudie där 14 vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut, granskades och bearbetades. De kategorier som kom fram i bearbetningen handlade om patientens psykiska, sociala och fysiska aspekter, hur tiden på väntelistan hanterades samt sjuksköterskans omvårdnad. Resultatet visade att väntan på en hjärttransplantation var stressfylld, känslofylld och osäker. Effektiva copingstrategier under väntetiden var positivt tänkande och religiös tro och de negativa var förnekelse och känsloutbrott. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskan hade en viktig roll genom att finnas där, stödja och ge information till patienten under väntetiden. Det rekommenderas att sjuksköterskan skulle vara mer tillgänglig för patienterna då kontakten med sjuksköterskan gav patienterna trygghet och underlättade väntetiden. Ytterliggare forskning kring hur informationen påverkar patienten behövs för att sjuksköterskan ska kunna ge bra omvårdnad.                                                      

Abstract [en]

Patients waiting for a heart transplant has an uncertain time ahead. There is a need to explore these patients’ experiences during this time so that nurses can give optimal care. The purpose was to explore patients’ experiences during the wait for a heart transplant and the meaning of the nurses’ care during this period. The study was conducted as a literature review of 14 scientific papers that was chosen, reviewed and processed. The categories that were found in the process were about the patients’ psychological aspects, social aspects, physiological aspects, how patients coped during this time and nurses’ care. Results showed that the wait for a heart transplant was stressful, emotional and an insecure time. Coping strategies that were effective during the wait was positive thinking and religious believes. The negative ones were denial and getting emotional. Results showed that nurses had an important role in being present, support and give information during the waiting time. It´s recommended that nurses should be more available for patients because the contact gave patients feelings of security and eased the waiting time. More research about how information affects patients is needed to give good nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 17 p.
Keyword [sv]
Erfarenhet, hjärttransplantation, hanterbarhet, omvårdnad, vänta
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-17711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-17711DiVA: diva2:527909
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-06-05 Created: 2012-05-22 Last updated: 2012-06-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

I väntan på ett nytt hjärta(401 kB)522 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf