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Factors Governing Human Fear of Brown Bear and Wolf
Environmental Psychology, Department of Architecture and Built Environment, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Grimsö Wildlife Research Station, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Grimsö, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS).
Academy of Health and Occupational Studies, Department of Social Work and Psychology, University of Gävle, Gävle, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Human Dimensions of Wildlife, ISSN 1087-1209, E-ISSN 1533-158X, Vol. 17, no 1, 58-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyzes people's subjectively experienced fear in areas with presence of brown bear or wolf. Departing from the Human-Environment Interaction Model (Küller, 1991), a hypothetical model of environmental and individual antecedents of fear was tested using structural equation modeling of survey data (n  = 391). In the model of fear of brown bear, the main predictor was the appraisal of the species as dangerous/uncontrollable and unpredictable. In the model of fear of wolf, the greater experience with the species and a stronger appraisal of wolf as dangerous, uncontrollable, and unpredictable led to low social trust and this, together with the appraisal of wolf as dangerous/uncontrollable and unpredictable, increased the likelihood of fear. Efforts to reduce human fear of wolves should focus on building trust between the public and authorities, whereas efforts to reduce fear of brown bear should focus on the individual's appraisal of the species. © 2012 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Taylor & Francis, 2012. Vol. 17, no 1, 58-74 p.
Keyword [en]
brown bear, cognitive vulnerability model, social trust, structural equation modeling, subjectively experienced fear, wolf
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-17591DOI: 10.1080/10871209.2012.619001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84857247013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-17591DiVA: diva2:524763
Funder
Swedish Research Council Formas
Note

Funding: the Swedish Wildlife Foundation and the Swedish Research Council Formas

Available from: 2012-05-03 Created: 2012-05-03 Last updated: 2017-04-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • en-US
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Output format
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