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Komprimering av medicinskt avfall
Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Hälsoteknikcentrum Halland arbetar i olika projekt för att ta fram nya tekniska lösningar på problem inom sjukvården, tillsammans med representanter från Hallands sjukhus Halmstad tog de fram problemställningen med den medicinska avfallshanteringen. Idag upplever sjuksköterskor och vaktmästare att hanteringen av operationsavfall är en obehaglig arbetsuppgift då den innebär att handskas med kontaminerat avfall, sjukhuset är därför måna om att ta fram en produkt som komprimerar avfallet, vilket skulle förbättra arbetsmiljön.

Produkten ska komprimera 150-liters säckar med avfall från operationer, detta ska ske på ett användarvänligt sätt utifrån specifika krav. Kravspecifikationen togs fram i samråd med sjukhuspersonal. Genom olika experiment undersöktes flera olika metoder för att komprimera en säck, den mest lämpliga metoden för ändamålet blev att pressa säcken. Efter att ha utvecklat idén till en fungerande metod konstruerades det en prototyp. Prototypen pressar med hjälp av pneumatik ut luften ur säcken, den kontaminerade luften filtreras och säcken komprimeras till 50 % av dess naturliga storlek.

Examensarbetet har innefattat att läsa in sig på nya områden, problemlösning, konstruktion och nyskapande vilket har resulterat i en väl fungerande prototyp som uppfyller kravspecifikationen.

Abstract [en]

Hälsoteknikcentrum Halland are working with different projects to find new technical solutions for problems in healthcare, they brought up the problem with the medical waste disposal together with representatives from Hallands Hospital in Halmstad. Today the nurses and caretakers experience the medical waste disposal as unpleasant since it means they have to deal with contaminated waste, the hospital is eager to develop a product that compresses the waste and improves the work environment for its employees.

The product shall compress bags of 150 liters of medical waste, this shall be done in a user-friendly way based on specific requirements, the specification was developed in consultation with hospital employees. Through different experiments and examination of different methods, the most appropriate method to compress the bags were to press them. After developing the idea to a functioning method a prototype was made. The prototype uses pneumatics to press the air out of the bag, the contaminated air is filtered through an absolute filter and the bag is compressed over 50%.

This graduate thesis has included a number of tasks, to read up on different areas, problem solving, construction and innovation. This has resulted in a well functioning prototype that meets the requirements.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 44 p.
Keyword [sv]
Avfall, Medicinskt avfall, Komprimering, Avfallshantering, Riskavfall, Medicinteknik, Komprimera säck
National Category
Applied Mechanics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-16913OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-16913DiVA: diva2:476859
Uppsok
Technology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2012-01-27 Created: 2012-01-12 Last updated: 2012-01-27Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Komprimering av medicinskt avfall(9470 kB)708 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf