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Durable and Increasing Gender Segregation in Higher Education: Students´ Motives for Applying to University Degree Programs
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR), The Learning and Educational Relations (SOLUR).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR), The Learning and Educational Relations (SOLUR).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Center for Social Analysis (CESAM), Social Change, Learning and Social Relations (SLSR), The Learning and Educational Relations (SOLUR).
2010 (English)In: XVII ISA World Congress of SociologySociology on the MoveGothenburg, Sweden 11 - 17 July, 2010Conference Abstracts Prepared in Cooperation with CSA Sociological Abstracts, 2010Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Higher education (HE) has changed from elite to mass education (HSV 2006:26R, Leathwood & Read 2009). In the last few decades, the number of women in higher education has increased substantially in most OECD countries. Sweden’s reform of HE in 1993 encourages university institu- tions to develop new degree programs (SFS 1993:100). This opened opportunities for the development of programs designed to attract women & men in equal numbers but the result was disappointing. According to a Swedish study, an increasing number of new degree programs attract almost exclusively one gender (Witt 2009, Nelson et al 2009). It is a well- established fact that technical educations are male-dominated while care- related educations are predominantly chosen by women. This paper inves- tigates the motivations for choice reported by 620 students in 17 programs. We have categorized these motives as follows: knowledge seeking; work- ing life orientation; shoulder responsibility for society; program design; second choice and “follow the map”. Moreover, the paper discusses how gender-segregated educational choices may affect the future opportunities of student in terms of professional careers, income development and, con- sequently, social standing & life styles. To study gender segregation within HE is like looking at a three dimensional picture. We can focus at different parts or images a one image shows the gender division among the students, another show the genderized division between program choices, while the third image is about the vertical gender division among teachers and researchers & their career opportunities. This paper deals with the first two.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010.
Keyword [en]
higher education, gender segregaton, gendered habitus, durable inequality, degree programs
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-16173OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-16173DiVA: diva2:439210
Conference
XVII ISA World Congress of Sociology, Göteborg, 11-17 July, 2010
Projects
Före, under och efter utbildningen på högskolan i Halmstad 2007-2012
Available from: 2011-09-06 Created: 2011-09-06 Last updated: 2012-10-23Bibliographically approved

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