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Postoperativ smärtbehandling: Hinder ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Postoperative pain treatment : - Barriers from a nurse's view (English)
Abstract [sv]

Obehandlad eller underbehandlad postoperativ smärta kan leda till allvarliga skador på vitala organ samt även ge kroniska smärtor i skadeområdet. Detta innebär förlängda vårdtider, stort lidande för patienten och stora kostnader för samhället. Sjuksköterskan har ett stort ansvar i den postoperativa smärtbehandlingen genom regelbunden mätning, behandling, utvärdering och dokumentation av smärta och administrerad smärtlindring. Syftet var att beskriva hindrande faktorer i postoperativ smärtbehandlig ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv. Metoden var en litteraturstudie där 12 vetenskapliga artiklar, kvalitativa och kvantitativa, sammanställde. Resultatet visade att sjuksköterskorna upplevde hinder i den postoperativa smärtbehandlingen i form av; Bristande kommunikation, Bristande stöd från organisationen och Bristande kunskap. Studier från hela världen beskriver liknande upplevelser hos sjuksköterskor. Den postoperativa smärtbehandlingen behöver få en högre prioritet i organisationen. Sjuksköterskorna behöver avsatt arbetstid för att öka sina kunskaper i postoperativ smärtbehandling. Vidare forskning behövs, där effekterna av en effektiv postoperativ smärtbehandling kan mätas i form av minskat lidande för den enskilde patienten samt minskade kostnader för samhället. Forskningen bör även inrikta sig på hur sjuksköterskans användning av evidensbaserade smärtskattningsmetoder kan främjas.

 

 

Abstract [en]

Untreated or undertreated postoperative pain can lead to serious damage of vital organs and also cause chronic pain in the injured area. This means prolonged periods of care, great suffering for the patient and substantial cost to society. The nurse has a major responsibility in the postoperative pain treatment by regular measurement, treatment, evaluation and documentation of pain and given analgesics. The aim of this study was to describe barriers to effective postoperative pain treatment viewed from a nurse’s perspective. The method was a literature review where 12 research articles, both qualitative and quantitative, were compiled. The result shows that nurses experienced barriers in the postoperative pain treatment in form of; Lack of communication, Lack of support from the organization and Lack of knowledge. The experiences were similar between nurses in many parts of the world. The postoperative pain treatment should be prioritized in the organization. The nurses' needs dedicated working to improve their skills in postoperative pain management. Further research is needed where the effects of an effective postoperative pain management can be measured in terms of reduced suffering for the individual patient and reduced costs for the society. Research should also focus on how nurses' use of evidence-based pain measurement methods can be promoted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 15 p.
Keyword [sv]
postoperativ smärta, sjuksköterskans upplevelser, sjuksköterska-patient realtion, smärtbehandling
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15339OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15339DiVA: diva2:434500
Subject / course
Nursing
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-08-23 Created: 2011-06-11 Last updated: 2011-08-23Bibliographically approved

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Eliasen Sjögestam, Anette
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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