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Värden i förskoleklassvärlden: Fyra pedagogers berättelser om förskoleklassverksamheten - en aktionsforskningsstudie
Halmstad University, School of Teacher Education (LUT).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med aktionsforskningsstudien är att lyfta fram förskoleklasslärares egna åsikter om förskoleklassverksamheten. Det är ett relativt outforskat område, förskoleklassreformen genomfördes 1996. Denna studie ska bidra med mer kunskaper med hjälp av förskoleklasslärares egna berättelser om förskoleklassverksamheten utifrån pedagogernas perspektiv. De fyra deltagande förskoleklasslärarna var ett strategiskt val, de fyra förskoleklasslärarna som deltog i aktionen erbjöds även att delta i studien. 

I denna kvalitativa studie utgår empirin från de gemensamma samtalen i aktionen. Förskoleklasslärarnas berättelser kondenserades och det skapades två fiktiva pedagoger Aina, som fick symbolisera samarbete, flexibilitet och framförhållning och Berit, som fick symbolisera konservatism, individualism och nuorientering. De två fiktiva pedagogerna representerar bägge de fyra förskoleklasslärarnas röster. Resultatet presenteras som en narrativ, ett samtal mellan Aina och Berit.

Resultatet visade fram ett ensamt och otydligt uppdrag och ett flertal upplevda dilemman som mellan det förplanerade och det spontana, barns intresse eller läromedelsböcker och metoder, lek eller lärande med mera. Resultatet bekräftade även en hel del av andra studiers resultat som  exempelvis  skolifiering. Det visar att trots att förskoleklasslärarna fick stor hjälp med att inta en inlärningsriktad kunskapssyn vidgades perspektivet mot att innefatta en mer utvecklingsinriktad och interaktionistisk kunskapssyn.   

 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of this research paper, based upon the principle of action science, has been to raise preschool teachers’ opinion relating to the preschool activity. The preschool activity, in its present form after the reformation was introduced in 1996, is to date a relatively new and unexplored area. This study, with the assistance of preschool teachers’ stories about their work from the perspective of their professional pedagogical training and experience, is meant to contribute further knowledge in this area. Four preschool teachers, whom were also offered to participate, were a strategic choice for this study.

The empirical basis for this qualitative study originates from joint conversations within the action. The preschool teachers’ stories have been condensed and eventually two fictive personalities were created. These are the two pedagogues Aina and Berit. Aina symbolise cooperation, flexibility and considers future/proactive planning. Berit symbolise conservatism, individualism and considers reactive planning. These fictive personalities represent the voices of all four preschool teachers having participated in the study. The result is presented as a narrative, a conversation between Aina and Berit.

 The study produced results of a preschool teacher’s assignment described as isolated and unclear with several experienced dilemmas.  These dilemmas arise between the planned and the spontaneous, between the child’s interest and teaching aids/books/methods and between play and learning etc. Furthermore, the result confirmed several other studies having shown e.g. “schoolification”. Therefore, this paper strongly support the notion that, in spite of preschool teachers receiving great assistance in terms of incorporating a learning aimed at knowledge, this perspective was here widened toward incorporating a learning aimed more at development and interaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
action science, action research, preschool teacher, preschool activity
Keyword [sv]
aktionslärande, aktionsforskning, förskoleklasslärare, förskoleklassverksamhet, narrativer
National Category
Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-15534OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-15534DiVA: diva2:426043
Subject / course
Education Science
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-08-25 Created: 2011-06-21 Last updated: 2011-08-25Bibliographically approved

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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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