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Clay-bound phosphorus retention in wetlands: a catchment comparison
IFM Ecology, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Biological and Environmental Systems (BLESS), Environmental Science, Wetland Research Centre.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5181-0391
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2010 (English)In: 6th International Phosphorus Workshop (IPW6): Towards a sustainable control of diffuse P loss: risk, monitoring, modelling, and mitigation options : Book of Abstracts, 2010, 127-127 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Ten constructed wetlands, situated in agricultural areas in the south of Sweden, are investigated for phosphorus (P) retention and factors affecting the efficiency. These wetlands are situated in areas dominated by clay or heavy clay soils. National monitoring and estimations have shown that agricultural areas dominated by such clay soils have among the highest phosphorus losses. It has also been shown that a large proportion of P is transported in particulate form; hence, it is expected that sedimentation is the predominant P retention process in the selected wetlands. Sedimentation of clay may, however, be difficult to achieve in wetlands, and the aim of the study is to quantify the function of wetlands as sinks for the P lost from the catchments. Sedimentation and accumulation of particles are measured once a year using sedimentation plates (40×40 cm) placed on the bottom of the wetlands. Additional sedimentation traps (estimating gross sedimentation) have been placed in three of the wetlands, and those are emptied two times per year. This paper presents results for P and soil retention after the first year (in kg P ha-1 year-1), estimated by extrapolating the amount of sediment accumulated on the plates, and the content of total phosphorus (TP), to the whole wetland area. Furthermore, one wetland was selected for a detailed investigation of the effect of a vegetation filter, which in a previous study has been shown to have a positive effect on particle retention. Here, estimates of net and gross sedimentation are measured before, within and after the vegetation filter. To identify some factors of significant importance for wetland P load and retention efficiency, the statistical relationship with different wetland and catchment characteristics is analyzed. The factors included are the ratio wetland area to catchment area, average hydraulic load, and various catchment characteristics, e.g. soil type, topography, fertilization history, and soil P fractions. Since there is some uncertainty regarding sedimentation of fine clay particles (< 0.2 m), the size fractions of the accumulated sediment is determined to see whether or not the finest clay particles from the catchments settle in the wetlands. Previous studies have shown a correlation between particle size and bioavailability, where finer clay particles contain larger proportion of easily available P. Trapping the finest clay particles is therefore of particular ecological importance and needs to be further investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. 127-127 p.
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14635OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14635DiVA: diva2:405916
Conference
6th International Phosphorus Workshop (IPW6), Sevilla, Spain, 27 September - 1 October, 2010
Available from: 2011-03-29 Created: 2011-03-24 Last updated: 2017-05-17Bibliographically approved

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Johannesson, Karin M.Weisner, Stefan E.B.Tonderski, Karin S.
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