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Ett riskfyllt arbete: Sjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete gällande individer med ett riskbruk av alkohol
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
A risky business : The nurses’ health promotion work with regards to individuals with a hazardous use of alcohol (English)
Abstract [sv]

Riskbruk av alkohol är ett stort problem i dagens samhälle. Sjuksköterskan beskrivs ha goda möjligheter att upptäcka och behandla riskbruk av alkohol i det dagliga arbetet. Studier tyder på att korta interventioner är av stor nytta till sjuksköterskan i sitt hälsofrämjande arbete. Dock visar forskningen att sjuksköterskans aktivitet inom detta område måste utvecklas och att det finns många faktorer som kan påverka uppgiften. Syftet med arbetet var att belysa faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans hälsofrämjande arbete gällande individer med ett riskbruk av alkohol. Arbetet utfördes som en litteraturstudie där 13 vetenskapliga artiklar valdes ut, granskades, analyserades samt kodades för att finna påverkande faktorer. De mest återkommande faktorerna som framkom delades in i fyra kategorier. Dessa var sjuksköterskans uppfattning om sin roll, utbildning och kunskap gällande riskbruk av alkohol, organisationens roll och motivationens betydelse samt sjuksköterskans känslor och attityder inför individer med riskbruk av alkohol. Osäkerhet vad det gäller tillvägagångssättet av korta interventioner och dess effektivitet beskrevs av sjuksköterskor i flertalet studier. Rädsla för att utlösa negativa reaktioner hos patienten samt den höga arbetsbelastningen har visat sig vara stora barriärer till utförandet av korta interventioner. Tydliggörandet av sjuksköterskans roll samt mer utbildning inom ämnet behövs för att öka aktiviteten inom området. Vidare forskning bör fokusera på sjukhusmiljö och fler kvalitativa studier behövs för att få en djupare förståelse för svårigheterna att implementera korta interventioner.

Abstract [en]

Hazardous use of alcohol is a large problem in today’s society. The nurse is described as having good opportunities to detect and treat hazardous use of alcohol in their daily work. Studies show that brief interventions are of great use to the nurse in their health promotion work. However, research shows that the nurses' activity in this area must be improved and that there are many factors that can affect this task. The purpose of this study was to illustrate factors that affect the nurses' health promotion work with regards to individuals with a hazardous use of alcohol. The work was carried out as a literature study where 13 scientific articles were selected, examined, analyzed and coded in order to find important factors. The most recurring factors that arose were divided into four categories. These were the nurses' perception of their role, education and knowledge about hazardous alcohol use, the organization’s role and the importance of motivation and the nurses’ feelings and attitudes towards individuals with hazardous alcohol use. Uncertainty about the approach to use with regards to brief interventions and their efficiency was described by nurses in several studies. Fear of triggering negative reactions in the patient and even the high workload has proved to be large barriers in carrying out brief interventions. Clarification of the nurses' role and more education on the subject is needed in order to increase the activity in the area. Further research should focus on the hospital environment and more qualitative studies are needed in order to get a deeper understanding of the difficulties in implementing brief interventions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Alcohol, Brief intervention, Hazardous use, Health promotion, Screening
Keyword [sv]
Alkohol, Hälsopromotion, Kort intervention, Riskbruk, Screening
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14476OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14476DiVA: diva2:397813
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-02-24 Created: 2011-02-15 Last updated: 2011-02-24Bibliographically approved

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Turley, GemmaAndersson, Kia
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
  • rtf