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Kvinnors livskvalitet efter mastektomi
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Women's quality of life after mastectomy (English)
Abstract [sv]

Att konfronteras med en livshotande sjukdom och att behöva genomgå mastektomi innebär förändringar i en kvinnas liv. Genom att förlora bröstet, som är en symbol för kvinnlighet, kan könsidentiteten påverkas. När en förändring sker i livet kan livskvaliteten påverkas. Syftet med studien var att belysa kvinnors livskvalitet i samband med mastektomi. Studien utfördes som en litteraturstudie då aktuell vetenskaplig forskning sammanställdes. Resultatet visade att kvinnors livskvalitet påverkades på ett negativt sätt i samband med mastektomi. Kvinnor i alla åldersgrupper som hade genomgått mastektomi visade på lägre social-, emotionell- och fysisk funktion. Mastektomi var associerat med sämre sexuell livskvalitet och indikerade sämre känslor för sexuell attraktion. Både yngre och äldre kvinnor påverkades i sin kroppsuppfattning i samband med mastektomi. För att förbättra livskvaliteten var socialt stöd en betydande faktor. Kvinnans upplevelse av ångest då hon konfronteras med en livshotande sjukdom kan komma att ha långvarig effekt på hennes subjektiva välbefinnande. Ångest initialt förutsade sämre livskvalitet. Framtida omvårdnadsforskning bör inriktas på att belysa kvinnors unika livskvalitet samt undersöka skillnaden mellan ordinerade omvårdnadsåtgärder vid mastektomi för att finna evidensbaserade omvårdnadsåtgärder i syfte att minska kvinnors lidande och förbättra livskvaliteten.

Abstract [en]

To be confronted with a life threatening disease and having to go through mastectomy means changes to a woman's life. The breast is a symbol for femininity and having to lose that symbol can affect the woman's gender identity. Changes in life may affect quality of life. The purpose of this study was to highlight women's quality of life when they have gone through a mastectomy. The study was conducted as a literature review and current scientific research has been used. The result showed that a mastectomy can affect a women's quality of life in a negative way. Women of all ages who have gone through mastectomy showed less social-, emotional-, and physical function. Mastectomy is associated with less sexual attraction which affects the quality of life. Both younger and older women felt like their body image was affected when mastectomy had been performed. To raise their quality of life, social support showed to be one of the main factors. The woman's experience of anxiety when she is confronted with a life threatening disease will have a long-lasting effect on her subjective well-being. Anxiety initially predicted poorer quality of life. Future nursing research should focus on women's unique quality of life and investigate differences in prescribed nursing interventions related to mastectomy in order to present evidence based nursing interventions to reduce women's suffering and improve quality of life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 17 p.
Keyword [en]
Breast cancer, Mastectomy, Quality of life, Reconstruction
Keyword [sv]
Bröstcancer, Livskvalitet, Mastektomi, Rekonstruktion
National Category
Surgery Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14433OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14433DiVA: diva2:396418
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-02-15 Created: 2011-02-09 Last updated: 2011-02-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf