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Sjuksköterskans attityd: till patienter med suicidalt beteende
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurse's attitude : to patients with suicidal behavior (English)
Abstract [sv]

Inom vården kan sjuksköterskan möta patienter med suicidalt beteende, vilket kan upplevas påfrestande och väcka starka känslor hos sjuksköterskan. Det kan även finnas en rädsla och en osäkerhet hos sjuksköterskan till patienter med suicidalt beteende, detta kan leda till att sjuksköterskan nonchalerar de suicidala patienterna. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa sjuksköterskans attityd till patienter med suicidalt beteende. Litteraturstudien genomfördes genom att 5 kvalitativa och 10 kvantitativa artiklar granskades. Det framkom två kategorier, den fördömande attityden samt den tillåtande attityden. Resultatet visade att erfarenhet, ålder, utbildning, psykiatrisk konsultation och sjuksköterskans aktuella sinnesstämning hade betydelse för dennes attityd. Det framkom även att när sjuksköterskan hade en tillåtande attityd blev vårdandet mer positivt vilket fick patienterna att känna sig mer omhändertagna. När vårdandet blev negativt berodde detta på att sjuksköterskan hade en avståndstagande attityd eller fördömande attityd. Detta kan leda till att patientens återhämtning tog längre tid. Flera studier visade att de sjuksköterskor som inte hade erfarenhet av att arbeta med patienter med suicidalt beteende var mer fördömande i sin attityd, jämfört med erfarna sjuksköterskor. Vidare forskning angående skillnader på manliga sjuksköterskor och kvinnliga sjuksköterskors attityder till patienter med suicidalt beteende behövs, vilket inte framkom i denna litteraturstudie.

Abstract [en]

Health care nurse can meet patients with suicidal behavior which may seem stressful and evoke strong feelings for the nurse. There can also be a fear and uncertainty within nurses to patients with suicidal behavior that can lead to those nurses ignoring the suicidal patients. The purpose with the literature study was to illustrate the nurses’ attitude to patients with a suicidal behavior. The literature study was carried out by 5 qualitative and 10 quantitative articles, which were reviewed. It showed two categories, the judgmental attitude and the allowable attitude. The result showed that experience, age, education, psychiatric consultation and the actual mood of the nurse had significance for the attitude. It also showed that when the nurse had an allowable attitude the nursing became more positive which made the patients feel more cared for. When the nursing became negative it depended on that the nurse had a distance attitude or judgmental attitude. This could lead to that the patients recovery took a longer time. Several studies showed that the nurses who didn't have experience of working with patients with suicidal behavior had a more judgmental attitude compared to nurses with more experience. Further research of differences in male nurses’ and female nurses’ attitudes towards patients with suicidal behavior are needed, which is not showed in this study.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 38 p.
Keyword [en]
Attitude, Experience, Nurse, Suicide attempted
Keyword [sv]
Attityd, Erfarenhet, Sjuksköterska, Suicidförsök
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14427OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14427DiVA: diva2:396356
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-02-15 Created: 2011-02-09 Last updated: 2011-02-15Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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