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Delaktighet i vården: Patienters och sjuksköterskors upplevelser
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 60 credits / 90 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Participation in care : Patients’ and nurses’ experiences (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hur patienter och sjuksköterskor upplever delaktighet i vården är en viktig aspekt för att kunna vidareutveckla och främja patientens delaktighet i vården. Syftet med studien var att undersöka upplevelser av patientens delaktighet ur ett patient- och sjuksköterskeperspektiv. Studien genomfördes som en systematisk litteraturstudie och grundar sig på 14 vetenskapliga artiklar. Resultaten visade att patienters upplevelser av patientdelaktighet innefattade att bli sedd och respekterad som en egen individ. Ett inbjudande klimat där sjuksköterskan var lyhörd och där relationen mellan parterna var jämlik upplevdes viktigt. Sjuksköterskor upplevde att det var viktigt med ett empatiskt förhållningssätt där etablerandet av en fungerande relation var grundläggande. Detta innebar ett respektfullt bemötande där patienter uppmuntrades och värdesattes. En bra kommunikation och ett givande och tagande mellan båda parter samt individanpassad och tillräcklig information var viktigt. Både patienter och sjuksköterskor upplevde att det fanns hinder för delaktighet vilka bland annat var tidsbrist, brist på kontinuitet och begränsade val. Det är viktigt att lyfta patientens delaktighet i sjuksköterskeutbildningen. I vårdverksamheten kan daglig reflektion vara ett sätt för sjuksköterskor att bibehålla medvetenhet om vikten av patientens delaktighet. Det vore önskvärt med vidare forskning som förklarar varför det finns brister i patientens delaktighet och vinsterna med patientens delaktighet.

Abstract [en]

How patients and nurses experience participation in care is an important aspect to advance and improve the patient’s participation in care. The aim with the study was to investigate experiences of the patient’s participation from a patient and nurse perspective. The study was performed as a systematic literature study and is based on 14 scientific articles. The results showed that patients’ experiences of patient participation included to be seen and respected as an own individual. An inviting environment where the nurse was sensitive and where the relation was equal between the parts was experienced as important. Nurses experienced that it was important to have an empathic approach where establishing of a functional relation was essential. This meant a respectful manner where patients were encouraged and recognized. A good communication, a giving and taking between the parts and individual and adequate information was important. Both patients and nurses experienced lack of time, lack of continuity and limited choices as hindrances for participation. It is important to raise patient participation in nurse education. Daily reflection in nursing care can be one way for nurses to maintain awareness of the importance of patient participation. It would be desirable with further research which can explain why there are shortages with patient participation and the benefits with patient participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
experience, nurse, nursing care, patient, patient participation
Keyword [sv]
omvårdnad, patient, patientdelaktighet, sjuksköterska, upplevelse
National Category
Communication Studies Pedagogy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14369OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14369DiVA: diva2:395393
Uppsok
Humanities, Theology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-02-16 Created: 2011-02-06 Last updated: 2011-02-16Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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More styles
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