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Sjuksköterskors implicita attityder gentemot patienter med missbruksproblem
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2011 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Nurses’ implicit attitudes towards patients with substance abuse problems (English)
Abstract [sv]

Patienter med missbruksproblem upptar mycket av hälso- ochsjukvårdens platser och resurser. Det är därmed viktigt attsäkerställa att dessa patienter får god vård och belysa vilkafaktorer som kan inverka på omvårdnaden. Syftet var att belysasjuksköterskors attityder gentemot patienter medmissbruksproblem samt att beskriva hur mötet mellansjuksköterskor och dessa patienter ser ut. Det användes 17vetenskapliga artiklar som grund för detta arbete varav 11 varkvantitativa och sex var kvalitativa. Det framkom attsjuksköterskor ofta uppvisade negativa attityder gentemot patientermed missbruksproblematik och detta inverkade på omvårdnadenav patienterna. Det förekom även stigmatisering, stereotypiseringoch moralisering av patienter med missbruksproblem vilket leddetill att dessa patienter många gånger fick sämre vård.Sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete ska präglas av etisktförhållningsätt och en humanistisk människosyn vilket försummasom negativa attityder gentemot patienter med missbruksproblemfår inverka på vården. Mer kvalitativ forskning gällandesjuksköterskors attityder gentemot patienter medmissbruksproblem efterfrågas. Dessutom krävs det merundervisning i sjuksköterskans grundutbildning och meryrkesrelaterad utbildning på sjuksköterskans arbetsplats gällandeomvårdnaden av patienter med missbruksproblem.

Abstract [en]

Patients with substance abuse problems occupy much of the bedsand resources of the health care. Therefore, it is important toensure that these patients receive proper care and highlight thefactors that may affect that care. The purpose of this literaturestudy was to illuminate nurses’ attitudes towards patients withsubstance abuse problems and describe the character of themeetings between nurses and these patients. As the basis for thispaper, 17 research articles were used, of them 11 articles werequantitative and six were qualitative. It was found that nurses oftenexhibited negative attitudes towards patients with substance abuseproblems and that this had an impact on the nursing care of thesepatients. Stigmatization, stereotyping and moralization of thesepatients were also detected and this often led to substandard care.Nursing care is characterized by an ethical approach and ahumanistic view that is overlooked if the negative attitudes ofnurses towards patients with substance abuse problems are allowedto affect care. More qualitative research on nurses’ attitudestowards patients with substance abuse problems is prompted.Furthermore, it is required more education in the undergraduatenursing schools and more occupational education at nurses’workplace about nursing care of patients with substance abuseproblems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. , 46 p.
Keyword [en]
Addiction, nurse-patient relations, nurses’ attitudes, stigmatization, substance abuse
Keyword [sv]
Beroende, missbruk, sjuksköterskans attityd, sjuksköterska-patient relation, stigmatisering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14347OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14347DiVA: diva2:394812
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2011-02-04 Created: 2011-02-03 Last updated: 2011-02-04Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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