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Effects of a shift from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet on some coronary heart disease risk markers
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9291-9342
Lund University.
Lund University.
2010 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Bakgrund: The aim of the study was to investigate whether a shift from a mixed diet to a lacto-vegetarian diet would lead to a decreased risk for coronary heart diseases indicated by surrogate markers.

Metod: Twenty volunteers participated in the study (4 men and 16 women, mean age 44 years, range 27-61). Clinical examinations were performed, blood samples were drawn and dietary survey, i.e. repeated 24-h recalls were carried out before (0 months) and 3, 6 and 12 months after the dietary change.

Resultat: The dietary shift lead to an increase in the intake of total carbohydrates and fiber and a decrease in fat, protein and sucrose. The coronary heart disease risk markers body mass index, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol and low-density lipoptrotein cholesterol decreased statistically significantly.

Sammanfattning: There was a decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and other disease risk markers even though the ratio polyunsaturated to saturated fatty acids was unchanged indicating that a decreased energy intake is more important than a change in the distribution of fat, carbohydrates and protein. The main finding in this study is that there was a weight loss, sustained for one year, without any recommendation to decrease the energy intake. Thus, this may be the most important effect of choosing a vegetarian diet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010.
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-14028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-14028DiVA: diva2:379463
Conference
Svenska Läkaresällskapets Medicinska riksstämma, 1-3 december 2010
Available from: 2010-12-17 Created: 2010-12-17 Last updated: 2014-03-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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Language
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