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Surface characterisation of high gloss polished tool steels
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK), Functional Surfaces.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9084-819X
Halmstad University, School of Business, Engineering and Science, Mechanical Engineering and Industrial Design (MTEK), Functional Surfaces.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8058-1252
Uddeholms AB, Hagfors, Sweden.
2009 (English)In: Proceedings of the 8th International Tooling Conference: TOOL 09: Tool Steels – Deciding Factor in Worldwide Production: RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany, June 2–4, 2009: Volume II / [ed] P. Beiss, C. Broeckmann, S. Franke & B. Keysselitz, Aachen: Mainz , 2009, p. 953-963Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

It is well known that high quality tool steels, i.e. steels possessing low contents of defect structures, and the adoption of well developed polishing techniques are required to get satisfactory mould surfaces for plastic forming. However, there is still a lack of knowledge concerning how different defect structures on mould surfaces affect final plastic components, and how tool steel surfaces can be measured and analysed in convenient ways.

Based on non-contact 3D-surface texture analysis, three test moulds and corresponding injection moulded plastic plaques were characterised with the objective to study how defect structures on the mould surfaces were transferred into the final plastic components.

Surface structures, remaining scratches and to a certain extent pin-holes originated from the mould surface were all detected on the surface of the plastic components. However, more extensive studies need to be performed in order to understand why different defect structures on tool steels occur, how they can be avoided and, for different plastic products, which the critical limits are (in terms of amount, shape and size of the defects).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Aachen: Mainz , 2009. p. 953-963
Keywords [en]
high gloss polishing, surface characterization, plastic components, injection moulding, surface defects
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-6153ISBN: 3861307014 ISBN: 9783861307013 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-6153DiVA, id: diva2:357516
Conference
The 8th International Tooling Conference, TOOL09: Tool Steels - Deciding Factor in Worldwide Production: RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany, June 2-4, 2009
Available from: 2010-10-18 Created: 2010-10-18 Last updated: 2015-01-26Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. On Polishability of Tool Steels
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On Polishability of Tool Steels
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

One of the world’s fastest growing industries is the plastic industry. Today’s ever increasing demands of high quality products, shorter lead times and reduced costs push development and research forwards. Moulds for plastic injection moulding need to have a functional surface to meet demands on demoulding and wear properties, but also to produce the required final surface quality, which for ‘standard mould qualities’ of high gloss applications means nearly defect free, shiny and smooth mould surfaces with roughness levels in the nm-range.

The aim of this thesis was to develop a metrology framework to quantitatively characterise these mould surfaces in order to gain better understanding of which defect structures are critical at injection moulding, and how these are correlated to material properties and operating conditions in surface preparation of tool steels. In practice this means to capture surface features of some few nm in height/depth up to some hundreds of microns in lateral dimension within insert areas of cm2 and larger. Experiments combining polishers’ experience with steel producers’ as well as non-contact areal texture examinations of surface topography were performed to overcome and link practical skills to academic ones.

Based on areal surface metrology, defect classification and image analysis based surface characterisation, an evaluation procedure for polished tool steel surfaces was developed, initially tested and verified. The suggested method involves descriptions of relevant defect structures and acceptance levels for high gloss polished tool steels in the form of numerical parameter values based on interferometric measurements. It was also concluded that the cleanness of the steels was less important as long as it was kept within reasonable levels; the surface preparation strategy is a major factor influencing the mould surface quality e.g. it was found that a ‘several-step-strategy’ was favourable to avoid defect structures; not all ‘mirror-like’ mould surfaces had desirable topographies for injection moulding, therefore a well-defined mould surface assessment with numerical values describing mould surface quality is necessary to secure effective mould surfaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: Chalmers University of Technology, 2013. p. 50
Series
Doktorsavhandlingar vid Chalmers tekniska högskola. Ny Serie, ISSN 0346-718X ; 3509
Keywords
tool steels, polishability, surface characterisation, surface texture parameters, high gloss polishing, injection moulding
National Category
Manufacturing, Surface and Joining Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-22175 (URN)978-91-7385-828-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-04-05, Virtual development laboratory, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

Includes pamphlet in Appendix I.

Available from: 2013-11-08 Created: 2013-05-17 Last updated: 2015-01-26Bibliographically approved

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Rebeggiani, SabinaRosén, Bengt-Göran

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