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Psychological aspects of athletic retirement among elite Swedish athletes
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI), Center for Sport and Health Science (CIHF).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6198-0784
2003 (English)In: New Approaches to Exercise and Sport Psychology: Proceedings of the 11th European Congress of Sport Psychology / [ed] R. Stelter, FEPSAC , 2003, p. 81-Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Introduction. This study is a part of the international project „European perspectives on athletic retirement“ (Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, in press). It focuses on: a) reasons for sports career termination; b) perceived emotional problems, need for adaptation, and duration of transitional period; c) differences in the process of retirement between athletes who planned and did not plan it in advance.Method. The „Retirement from sport“ questionnaire (Alfermann, Stambulova, & Zemaityte, 2001) was send to retired Swedish athletes by mail, and after considering returned answers 88 subjects were selected for this study on the basis of two criteria: international level athletic career; 1-10 years period after the sports career end. Participants included males (n=57) and females (n=31) – representatives of different individual and team sports.ResultsQuantitative analyses showed that elite Swedish athletes terminated mainly because of sport-related reasons followed by health- and familyrelated reasons. About a half of the subjects (46%) perceived a specific need to adjust to the life after sports, and 24% experienced emotional problems during the transitional period, which lasted 19.0 months (SD=15.7). Several one-way ANOVAs were conducted to identify differences in the process of athletic retirement between two groups of subjects: who planned (67%) and did not plan (33%) retirement. These revealed that athletes who planned retirement were more satisfied with their athletic careers (p< .01) and the timing of retirement (p< .01); they also used „acceptance“ of retirement as a coping strategy more often (p< .01). Athletes who did not plan retirement had more negative emotional reactions on this event (p< .01), and used „denial“ as a coping strategy more often (p< .05).Conclusion. The results will be discussed from the point of view of the Sports Career Transition model (Stambulova, 1997).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
FEPSAC , 2003. p. 81-
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5947ISBN: 87 89361 96 2 OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5947DiVA, id: diva2:352803
Conference
The 11th European Congress of Sport Psychology, Copenhagen, Denmark
Projects
European perspectives on athletic retirementAvailable from: 2010-09-22 Created: 2010-09-22 Last updated: 2016-02-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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