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Att leva med en stomi: – upplevelser av livskvalitet
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Living with an ostomy : – experiences of quality of life (English)
Abstract [sv]

I Sverige lever cirka 20 000 personer med stomi, vilken är en kirurgiskt anlagd öppning i bukhålan. Emellertid är det många patienter som har svårigheter med att hantera denna nyuppkomna livssituation. I sjuksköterskans dagliga arbete sker inte sällan möten med personer med stomi. Eftersom sjuksköterskans uppgift är att stödja personerna i deras tillfrisknande och återgång till ett normalt liv, är det av vikt att beskriva dessa personers upplevelser av livskvalitet. Således var syftet att beskriva patienters upplevelser av livskvalitet efter en stomioperation. Litteraturstudien genomförs med 13 artiklar som relaterar till syftet. Resultatet från artiklarna sammanställs under två rubriker, vilka belyser upplevelser som leder till minskad eller ökad livskvalitet. Stomin medför en förändring i livet, vilket initialt medför minskad livskvalitet och att det sociala livet kan bli lidande. Dessa upplevelser övergår för många med tiden till en medvetenhet om att stomin räddat deras liv. Många, särskilt de med permanent stomi, lär sig att acceptera sin stomi och att anpassa sig till den, vilket leder till ökad livskvalitet. Forskning om livskvalitet i förhållande till upplevelser relaterat till att leva med en stomi, bör fortgå för att öka sjuksköterskans förståelse i mötet med dessa personer.

Abstract [en]

In Sweden about 20 000 people live with an ostomy, which is a surgically constructed opening in the abdominal cavity. However, many patients have difficulty in dealing with this newly emerging circumstance in life. Frequently, a nurse’s daily activities will include the caretaking of people with an ostomy. Since the nurse's task is to support people in their recovery and their return to normal patterns in their lives, it is important to describe these people's experiences of quality of life. The purpose of this study was to describe patients’ experiences of quality of life after a surgery with an ostomy. A literature review was carried out with 13 articles related to the purpose. The results from these articles are sorted under two headings, which highlight the experiences that lead to reduced or increased quality of life. The ostomy involves a change in life, which initially leads to a reduction in quality of life and social life may also initially suffer. These experiences will over time transform into an awareness that the ostomy has saved their lives. Many, especially those with a permanent ostomy, learn to accept their ostomy and to adapt to it, resulting in improved quality of life. Research on quality of life in relation to the experiences related to living with an ostomy, should continue to enhance nurses’ understanding when meeting people with an ostomy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 37 p.
Keyword [en]
Experience, ostomy, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
Livskvalitet, stomi, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5849DiVA: diva2:352602
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-09-22 Created: 2010-09-20 Last updated: 2010-09-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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