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Stöd till närstående inom palliativ vård
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Support to family in palliative care (English)
Abstract [sv]

Närstående till patienter inom palliativ vård utsätts för olika påfrestningar. Sjuksköterskans uppgift är att skapa en samlad bild av vilket behov av stöd de närstående har, samt de stödåtgärder som hon kan tillgodose.

Syftet var att belysa de närståendes behov av stöd inom den palliativa vården och de stödåtgärder som sjuksköterskan kan tillgodose.

Metoden var en litteraturstudie där 12 vetenskapliga kvantitativa och kvalitativa artiklar ingick.

Behovet av stöd varierade över tid och berodde på den närståendes tidigare relation till den sjuke. För många närstående var det stödjande att prata med andra med liknande erfarenheter. Professionellt stöd utgjorde ett komplement. En viktig uppgift för sjuksköterskan var att undervisa de närstående om specifika omvårdnadsproblem som kan uppstå, inklusive hantering av medicinteknisk apparatur. Sjuksköterskan strävade efter att utforma ett individuellt anpassat stöd för varje familj/familjemedlem. I resultatet framkom de fyra kategorierna; Behov av emotionellt stöd, behov av bekräftande stöd, behov av informativt stöd samt behov av instrumentellt stöd.

Kommande forskning kan fokusera på om behovet av stöd till närstående skiljer sig åt beroende på om patienten vårdas i öppen eller sluten vård, om insjuknandet är hastigt eller mer långvarigt samt hur hälso- och sjukvården kan integrera de närstående i vården på ett bättre sätt.

Abstract [en]

Relatives to patients receiving palliative care are subjected to all kinds of different pressures. The duty of the nurse is to assess and form a complete picture of the support the relatives need, and what kind of support that she can provide for them.

The purpose of the study was to illustrate the different kind of support the relatives to patients in palliative care have, and what the nurse can do for them.

The method used was a literature study based on 12 research articles, both qualitative and quantitative.

The need for support varied over time and depended on how the relative’s relationship had been to the patient prior to illness. Many relatives found it very helpful to be able to talk to others with similar experiences. Professional help worked as a complement. One important task for the nurse was to teach the relatives about the specific care problems that could arise, including how to operate certain medical equipment. The nurse’s aim was to be able to give individual support that was specifically adapted to each relative’s need. In the result four categories emerged; the need of emotional support, the need of confirmatory support, the need of informative support and the need of instrumental support.

Future research may focus on if the need of support to relatives differs depending on if the patient is treated in non-institutional care or in hospital care, if the patient becomes ill rapidly or slowly, and how the health care system can integrate the relatives in the care in a better way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 18 p.
Keyword [en]
Family, nurse, palliative care, social support
Keyword [sv]
Närstående, palliativ vård, sjuksköterska, stöd
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5783OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5783DiVA: diva2:351687
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-09-28 Created: 2010-09-15 Last updated: 2010-09-28Bibliographically approved

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