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Impact of a 6-month empowerment-based exercise intervention programme in non-physically active adolescent Swedish girls
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8345-8994
Section of Primary Health Care, Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Institute of Medicine at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
Department of Psychology, Lund University.
Research and Development Unit (R&D) General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Falkenberg.
2010 (English)In: Health Education Journal, ISSN 0017-8969, Vol. 70, no 1, 9-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: This study evaluated changes in self-efficacy in non-physically active adolescent girls (13–19 years old) who participated in a six-month, empowerment-based exercise intervention programme (EIP).

Design: The study used a pre- and post-test randomized group design and included one pre- and one post-test (at six months) and non-physically active adolescent girls (N = 110) were assigned to an intervention group (n = 54) or a comparison group (n = 56).

Setting: Two upper secondary schools and five secondary schools, located in the low socio-economic areas of two communities in southern Sweden were involved in the study.

Method: The Swedish version of a 10-item General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES) and the Social Barriers to Exercise Self-efficacy Questionnaire (SPBESQ) were used. In addition, BMI and results from a physical fitness test were measured. For statistical analysis, the Mann-Whitney U-test and the Wilcoxon’s matched-pairs signed-rank test were used.

Results: Analysis showed a statistically significant difference in GSES scores (p = 0.037) between the groups after the EIP was implemented. Girls in the intervention group had increased their levels of general perceived self-efficacy (p = 0.004). Both groups increased their level of physical fitness (intervention, p = 0.06 and control, p = 0.013). BMI increased in the control group (p = 0.031).

Conclusions: The EIP had an impact on adolescent girls’ general perceived self-efficacy and can be regarded as an outcome of empowerment that indicates the development of the adolescent girls’ ability to effectively deal with a variety of stressful situations in general.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Sage Publications, 2010. Vol. 70, no 1, 9-20 p.
Keyword [en]
empowerment, intervention, physical activity
National Category
Pedagogy Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5696DOI: 10.1177/0017896910379366ISI: 000288066600003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-79956057446OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5696DiVA: diva2:351331
Available from: 2010-09-13 Created: 2010-09-13 Last updated: 2015-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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