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Patientinformation vid en kranskärlsoperation
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Information for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass (English)
Abstract [sv]

Kranskärlsoperationen är för patienten en stor händelse som leder till många frågor och funderingar. Tidigare forskning har visat att patienter som genomgått en ranskärlsoperation har stort behov av information. Vårt syfte med studien var att beskriva informationen vid en kranskärlsoperation. Studien gjordes som en itteraturstudie. Resultatet av studien utföll i tre kategorier, informationsmetoder, vad informationen innehöll samt olika faktorer som påverkade patientinformationen. Information gavs skriftligt, muntligt, som videofilm, med Internet eller av en patient som tidigare gjort en kranskärlsoperation, ofta i kombination med varandra. Vad patienten ville att informationen skulle innehålla varierade från person till person beroende på i vilken fas patienten befann sig, pre- eller postoperativt. Flera faktorer framkom som var av betydelse. Det var viktigt för patienterna att personalen tog sig tid att lyssna och svara på frågor och funderingar. Patienter med litet socialt nätverk hade större behov av information än andra med stort socialt nätverk. En annan betydelsefull sak var att patienterna lätt skulle kunna komma i kontakt med kompetent personal både innan operationen och efter utskrivningen. Slutsatsen av resultatet var att informationen bör vara individuellt anpassad utifrån varje patients behov. Fortsatt forskning behövs för utveckling av en god patientinformation kring patienternas upplevelse av olika sorters informationssätt, samt att utveckla kontakt med patienter som tidigare gjort en kranskärlsoperation

Abstract [en]

Coronary artery bypass is for the patient a major event leading to many questions and concerns. Previous research has shown that patients who have undergone coronary artery bypass have great needs of information. Our aim of this study was to describe information before and after a coronary artery bypass. The study was done as a literature review. The results of the study were distributed into three categories, information methods, information content and the various factors that affect patient information. Information was given in writing, orally, by video, by Internet or by a patient previously undergoing a coronary artery surgery, usually in combination with each other. What the patient wanted the information should contain varied from person to person depending on what stage the patient was, pre- or postoperatively. Several factors emerged that were relevant. It was important for the patients that the staff took the time to listen and respond to questions and concerns. Patients with small social networks had a greater need for information than others with larger social network. Another important thing was that patients could easily get in touch with competent personnel both before surgery and after discharge. The conclusion of the result was that the information should be individualized based on each patient's needs. Continued research is needed to develop good patient information on patients' experience of different types of information means, and to develop contact with patients who have previously done a coronary artery bypass.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 13 p.
Keyword [en]
coronary artery bypass, nurses, patient, preoperative care, preoperative education
Keyword [sv]
kranskärlsoperation, patienter, patientinformation, preoperativ vård, sjuksköterskor
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5487OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5487DiVA: diva2:346103
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-09-22 Created: 2010-08-30 Last updated: 2010-09-22Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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