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Sjuksköterskors arbetsförhållanden: En kvantitativ studie gjord på ett sjukhus i södra Sverige 
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Sjuksköterskor utsätts för känslomässiga situationer i arbetet med patienter såsom sorg och glädje. Situationerna kan vara påfrestande men yrket medför ändå att patienter måste bemötas på ett positivt sätt. Påfrestningarna kan leda till att sjuksköterskan drabbas av stress och på lång sikt av utbrändhet. Tidigare forskning visar att anställdas välbefinnande spelar en grundläggande roll i en patients hälsa.

Syftet med uppsatsen var att få kunskap om sjuksköterskors arbetsförhållanden samt att undersöka vilka specifika faktorer som kan leda till stress. Vidare undersöktes samband mellan sjuksköterskornas ålder och/ eller yrkeserfarenhet och det emotionella arbetet. Det genomfördes en enkätundersökning där 165 enkäter delades ut varav 80 svarade.

Resultaten som visserligen inte kan generaliseras visar dock att sjuksköterskorna överlag hade goda arbetsförhållanden och ett gott socialt stöd, genomsnittlig arbetsmängd och en genomsnittlig påverkan. Det fanns inget som tyder på att ålder och yrkeserfarenhet har samband med stress, men det förekom ett samband mellan socialt stöd och ålder, dock inte mellan ålder och yrke. Den emotionella belastningen såg generellt sett god ut, men det fanns samband mellan emotionellt engagemang och välbefinnandet.

Nyckelord: Sjuksköterskor, Stress, Psykosocial arbetsmiljö, Emotionellt arbete.

Abstract [en]

Abstract

Nurses are exposed to emotional situations at work with patients such as sadness and joy. The situations may be stressful but the profession does, however, that patients need to be addressed in a positive way. The stresses can lead to nurse suffering from stress and ultimately burnout. Previous research shows that employees' welfare plays a fundamental role in a patient's health. The purpose of this paper was to gain insight into nurses' working conditions and to investigate the specific factors that can lead to stress. It was further examined links between nurses' age and / or professional experience and the emotional work. It was conducted a survey in which 165 questionnaires were distributed of which 80 responded. The results certainly can not be generalized, however, shows that nurses generally had good working conditions and a good social support, the average amount of work and an average impact. There was no indication that age and professional experience related to stress, but there was a relationship between social support and age, but not between age and occupation. The emotional load looked good overall, but there was a link between emotional engagement and wellbeing.

Keywords: Nurses, Stress, Psychosocial work environment, Emotional work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 34 p.
Keyword [sv]
Sjuksköterskor, Stress, Psykosocial arbetsmiljö, Emotionellt arbete
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-5161OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-5161DiVA: diva2:328691
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-07-06 Created: 2010-07-05 Last updated: 2010-07-06Bibliographically approved

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