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Livskvalitet hos patienter med kronisk njursvikt
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Quality of life in patients with chronic kidney failure (English)
Abstract [sv]

Det finns lite forskning om livskvalitet hos patienter med kronisk njursvikt som ännu inte startat i dialysbehandling och det är viktigt att ha kunskap om hur livskvaliteten påverkas hos dessa patienter. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa olika faktorers påverkan på livskvaliteten hos patienter med kronisk njursvikt som inte startat i dialys. I studien har 16 vetenskapliga artiklar granskats och analyserats. I resultatet framkom att Hb-nivå, nutrition, sjukdomens svårighetsgrad och komorbiditet var faktorer som kunde påverka livskvaliteten. Även patienters upplevelser av antal och svårighetsgrad av symtom var påverkande faktorer. Ålder, kön, civilstånd, utbildning och arbetsstatus visade sig också kunna påverka livskvaliteten. I faktorer som patienterna kunde påverka, framkom copingstrategier och egenvård. I livskvalitet relaterat till planerad vård och omvårdnad framkom vårdplanering och specialistsjuksköterske-mottagning som faktorer som kunde påverka livskvaliteten. Genom kunskap inom detta område kan sjuksköterskan ge information och stöd till patienter och närstående och via omvårdnadsåtgärder förebygga och lindra symtom för att förbättra patienternas livskvalitet. Undersökningar av livskvalitet hos patienter med njursvikt som inte startat i dialys kan vara av värde vid utvärdering av vård och omvårdnad. Mer kvalitativ forskning om livskvalitet, coping och egenvård inom detta område behövs och sjuksköterskor behöver mer utbildning inom dessa områden för att kunna förbättra omvårdnaden.

Abstract [en]

There is little research on quality of life in patients with chronic renal failure not undergoing dialysis and it is important to know how the quality of life is affected in these patients. The aim of this literature review was to illustrate the impact of different factors on the quality of life in patients with chronic renal failure not undergoing dialysis. This study has been reviewed 16 scientific articles and analyzed. The result showed that the Hb-level, nutrition, the severity of the disease and co-morbidity were factors that could affect the quality of life. Also patients' perceptions of the number and severity of symptoms were influencing factors. Age, sex, marital status, education and work status also appeared to affect the quality of life. Among factors that patients themselves could affect were coping strategies and self-care. Well planned care and care delivered by specialist nurses did also affect the quality of life. The patients‟ quality of life may improve by the acts of the nurse, for example by providing information and support to patients and relatives, and by different nursing interventions directed towards prevention or relief of symptoms. Studies of quality of life in patients with renal failure not started in dialysis may be useful in the evaluation of health care and nursing. There is a need for more qualitative research on quality of life, coping and self-care in this field and nurses need more training in these areas in order to improve the nursing care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 20 p.
Keyword [en]
Chronic kidney disease, kidney failure chronic, quality of life
Keyword [sv]
Kronisk njursjukdom, kronisk njursvikt, livskvalitet
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-4770OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-4770DiVA: diva2:326511
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-07-09 Created: 2010-06-15 Last updated: 2010-07-09Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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