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Livet efter en brännskada: - ett individperspektiv
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Individer som blivit brännskadade upplever både fysiska och psykiska hinder. En acceptans av den nya kroppen kan ta lång tid. Under rehabiliteringsprocessen på sjukhuset arbetar det multiprofessionella teamet med denna patientgrupp för att de ska kunna klara av vardagen. Sjuksköterskan bör ha god kunskap av att vårda brännskadade patienter. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa hur individen upplever sin livssituation efter en brännskada för att sjuksköterskan ska få en ökad kunskap och därigenom kunna ge en god omvårdnad. Sjutton vetenskapliga artiklar bearbetades för att sedan sammanställas till ett resultat med olika teman. Resultatet visade fem teman; Upplevelsen av stöd, upplevelsen av att hantera brännskadan, upplevelsen av smärta och klåda, upplevelse av livskvaliteten efter brännskadan samt upplevelsen av vården. Brännskadade individer behöver stöd från om-vårdnadspersonal och närstående. Copingstrategier användes för att utstå både fysisk och psykisk smärta. Livskvaliteten kunde både försämras och förbättras efter en brännskada. Att vårda patienter med brännskador kräver goda kunskaper inom omvårdnad då den omfattar många delar. Mer forskning inom området behövs för att sprida kunskap. Även en stödgrupp för brännskadade patienter borde etableras för att kontakt mellan brännskadade individer ska upprättas.

Abstract [en]

Individuals who have endured burn injuries experience both physical and psychological barriers. Coming to terms with lasting effects of burn injuries on the body can take a long time. The rehabilitation process in the hospital is at a multi-professional level, drawing across a large cross section of specialist skills to enable patients to cope with everyday life. Nurses need to have a good knowledge base to care for burn injured patients. The purpose of this study was to highlight how individuals feel about their life after a burn injury, to help nurses get a better understanding of the subject and therefore provide good health care. Seventeen scientific articles were analysed and then complied into a conclusion with different themes. These themes were; the experience of support, the experience to cope with burns, the experience of pain and pruritus, experience of the quality of life and the experience of the health care. Burn injured patients need support from the nursing staff and relatives. Coping strategies were used to endure both physical and mental pain. The quality of life could be either worse or better after a burn injury. Caring for patients with burns requires a high level of knowledge in nursing, as it affects the many stages of recovery. More research in this area is needed to increase know-ledge. A support group for burn patients should also be established in order to support contacts between burn injured individuals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 45 p.
Keyword [en]
Burns, Experience, Nurses, Nursing care, Quality of Life
Keyword [sv]
Brännskador, Livskvalitet, Omvårdnad, Sjuksköterskor, Upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-4691OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-4691DiVA: diva2:323117
Uppsok
Medicine
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-06-17 Created: 2010-06-09 Last updated: 2010-06-17Bibliographically approved

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Brosché, ToveDahlén, Sandra
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • asciidoc
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