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Readjustment 5 months after a first-time myocardial infarction: reorienting the active self
West University, Vänersborg, Sweden .
AstraZeneca R&D, Mölndal, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS), Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
2006 (English)In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 403-411Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim

This paper reports on an interview study exploring the self-regulation process in women and men, 5 months after a first-time myocardial infarction.

Background

Somatic, psychological and social factors affect readjustment after a first-time myocardial infarction, and studies have demonstrated substantial rates of depression in patients after myocardial infarction Women report poorer mental health and physical condition than do men. Reconstruction of the self begins when disease poses novel problems and is more likely to occur in cases of long-lasting and disruptive illnesses. Experiencing myocardial infarction is likely to alter a person's mental representation of self. However, the self-regulation process following first-time myocardial infarction is not yet fully understood.

Method

Twenty-one people (11 women, 10 men) were interviewed 5 months after first-time myocardial infarction. The grounded theory method provided the strategies for data collection and analysis.

Findings

Interviewees' definition of themselves as active was threatened by fatigue and other health problems that kept them from taking part in activities as they had done before the heart attack. Although reorienting the active self was central to the process of recovery from myocardial infarction, reorienting was restricted by illness perception and coping.

Conclusion

Participants had not established a stable health condition 5 months after first-time myocardial infarction. They mainly preferred to moderate rather than radically change their daily life activities. They needed more knowledge and support. Nurses can help with information and advice on managing daily life activities, including dialogue about lifestyle changes at this phase of readjustment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2006. Vol. 53, no 4, p. 403-411
Keywords [en]
Myocardial infarction, Readjustment, Active self, Coronary heart disease, Disability, Nursing, Self-regulation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-4508DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2648.2006.03737.xISI: 000235044000003PubMedID: 16448483Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-33645127000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-4508DiVA, id: diva2:321497
Available from: 2010-06-01 Created: 2010-06-01 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Hallberg, Lillemor R-M

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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