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Sjuksköterskans arbetsrelaterade stress och copingstrategier
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
  The nurse’s workrelated stress and copingstrategies (English)
Abstract [sv]

 

Stress och symtom på stress, ökar inom hela den svenska befolkningen. I synnerhet har stressen ökat hos hälso- och sjukvårdens professioner. Stressrelaterade sjukdomar som hjärtkärlsjukdomar och depression leder till sjukskrivningar. Sjuksköterskan löper hög risk att utsättas för hög stress på arbetsplatsen och stressens påverkan på sjuksköterskan står i relation till hur hon värderar situationen samt vilka hanteringsmöjligheter hon ser. Ett ineffektivt hanteringsmönster kan få svåra konsekvenser för hälsa och socialt liv. En litteraturstudie sammanställdes med syfte att identifiera stressfyllda situationer i sjuksköterskans arbetssituation samt hur dessa värderas och hanteras med hjälp av olika copingstrategier. Resultatet visar att arbetsbelastning är den största källan till stress och påverkas av underbemanning och ökande antal uppgifter för sjuksköterskan. Ju mer stress sjuksköterskan utsätts för desto mindre används problemfokuserade hanteringsmetoder. Konflikter ökar stressen på arbetsplatsen samtidigt som kollegialt stöd används för att hantera stress. Sjuksköterskan behöver få ökad kunskap om stress och stresshantering. Därtill krävs ökad kunskap och förståelse från ledningen kring den stress sjuksköterskan utsätts för. Vidare forskning bör fokusera stressupplevelser hos sjuksköterskor inom specifika områden i sjukvården.

Abstract [en]

 

Stress and the symptoms of stress are continuing to increase among the total Swedish population. This is particularly visible in healthcare-professions. Stress related diseases like coronary disease and depression leads to increasing numbers of sick-leaves. The nurse has a high risk of experiencing stress in the workplace and the effects of stress on the nurse stands in relation to her appraisal of the situation and the opportunities of coping visible to her. An ineffective coping pattern can result in severe consequences both in health and in social life. A literature review was conducted with the aim to identify stressful events in the nurse’s workplace as well as the appraisal of the same and coping strategies used. Results indicate that workload is the main-source of stress and is affected by understaffing and increases in the number of nursing-tasks. The more stress the nurse is exposed to, the less problem-focused coping is used. Conflicts increase the stress at the work-place at the same time as support from colleagues is used as a copingstrategy. Nurses need to widen their knowledge concerning stress and coping. There is also a need for more knowledge and understanding among managers, of stressful situations experienced by nurses. Implications for further research should focus on stressful experiences among nurses in specific areas in healthcare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 15 p.
Keyword [en]
Coping, nurses, nursing, stress, workload
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsbelastning, coping, omvårdnad, sjuksköterskor, stress
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-3850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-3850DiVA: diva2:293780
Presentation
(English)
Uppsok

Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2010-02-17 Created: 2010-02-13 Last updated: 2010-02-17Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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