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Trust and confirmation in a gynecologic examination situation: A critical incident technique analysis
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
2004 (English)In: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6349, E-ISSN 1600-0412, Vol. 83, no 12, p. 1208-1215Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Gynecologic examination is a common measure in reproductive health care. Many women experience the examination as a more or less negative event, with shortcomings in the examiner's behavior. The aim of the study was to describe, in terms of critical incidences, women's experiences concerning the personnel's behavior in the situation of gynecologic examination. Methods. The informants were strategically chosen and consisted of 30 Swedish women between the ages of 18-82 years old. The data collection method was qualitative research interviews analyzed by critical incident technique. Results. The result consisted of 30 subcategories, five categories, and two main areas - trust and confirmation. The personnel enabled trust when they promoted participation, created confidence, and were supportive. The opposite behavior contributed to the lack of trust. Confirmation described behavior that confirmed, respectively, did not confirm the women. This was shown through the presence or lack of respect and engagement. Conclusion. The personnel's positive behavior enabled trust and confirmed the women as individuals, while negative behavior was decisive in an unfavorable way. A complexity of patterns of knowing in nursing was identified. Participation through information that contributed to trust was important and amounted to one fourth of the incidents in the material. Respect and engagement, which confirmed the women, facilitated a positive caring relationship. The examination situation can be improved through reflection of the personnel's own behavior and further research about women's own experiences.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Copenhagen: Blackwell , 2004. Vol. 83, no 12, p. 1208-1215
Keywords [en]
Behavior, Confirmation, Experience, Gynecologic examination, Trust
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-3533DOI: 10.1111/j.0001-6349.2004.00597.xISI: 000225576200021PubMedID: 15548158Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-10344225082OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-3533DiVA, id: diva2:286867
Available from: 2010-01-15 Created: 2009-12-01 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Fridlund, BengtLidell, Evy

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