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How bystanders perceive their cardiopulmonary resuscitation intervention: a qualitative study
Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
Sahlgrenska University Hospital.
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2000 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 47, no 1, p. 71-81Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The importance of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) prior to arrival of the emergency medical service is well documented. In Sweden, CPR is initiated prior to emergency medical services (EMS) arrival in about 30% of cardiac arrests out-of-hospital, a figure which should be improved urgently. To do so, it is of interest to know more about the bystanders' perceptions of their intervention. A qualitative method inspired by the phenomenographic approach was applied to 19 bystanders who had performed CPR. In the analysis, five main categories and 14 subcategories emerged. The main categories were: to have a sense of humanity, to have competence, to feel an obligation, to have courage and to feel exposed. Interviews described how humanity and concern for another human being were the foundation of their intervention. CPR training offers the possibility to give appropriate help in this emergency. If the aim of CPR training was extended beyond teaching the skill of CPR to include preparation of the rescuer for the intervention and his/her reactions, this might increase the number of people able to take action in the cardiac arrest situation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2000. Vol. 47, no 1, p. 71-81
Keywords [en]
bystander CPR, cardiac arrest, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, CPR, education, emergency care, emergency helping, phenomenography, psychological experiences, qualitative method, voluntary intervention
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-3348DOI: 10.1016/S0300-9572(00)00209-4ISI: 000089680000008PubMedID: 11004383Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0033795025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-3348DiVA, id: diva2:281562
Available from: 2009-12-16 Created: 2009-12-01 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf