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Health predicting factors in a general population over an eight-year period in subjects with and without chronic musculoskeletal pain
Research and Development Centre, Spenshult hospital for rheumatic diseases, Oskarström, Sweden & School of Health Sciences & Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5647-086X
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI). Gjøvik University College, Faculty of Nursing Science, Gjøvik, Norway.
School of Health Sciences & Social Work, Växjö University, Växjö, Sweden & School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
Research and Development Centre, Spenshult hospital for rheumatic diseases, Oskarström, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6294-538X
2008 (English)In: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, ISSN 1477-7525, Vol. 6, 98Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Many factors are proposed to be associated with health-related quality of life. Knowledge of health factors associated to development of a good health-related quality of life could be of use in clinical practice and public health work. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between suggested health factors and health-related quality of life at baseline and in an eight-year follow up in subjects with and without chronic musculoskeletal pain in a cohort from a general population.

Methods: The study was designed as a longitudinal study in a Swedish general population (N = 1 849) with a postal questionnaire at baseline 1995 and at follow up 2003. Subjects were divided into two groups, according to their response about chronic musculoskeletal pain at baseline. Health-related quality of life was assessed by the SF-36 together with suggested health factors. The associations between SF-36 subscales and suggested health factors were estimated by OR and 95% CI calculated by multivariable logistic regressions, with adjustment for all health factors, age, sex and baseline SF-36 values.

Results: Although subjects without chronic musculoskeletal pain reported better health-related quality of life than subjects with chronic pain, similar health factors were found to be associated to higher scores in SF-36 at baseline and predicted a better outcome in the eight-year follow up. The most consistent finding was a better health outcome in the eight-year follow up for subjects that were feeling rested after sleep. Other factors that in some aspects predicted a better outcome were belonging to higher socioeconomic group, being a native Swede, having emotional support, having good sleep structure, never being or being a former smoker, and regularly drinking alcohol.

Conclusion: The most important health factor in subjects with and without chronic musculoskeletal pain was feeling rested after sleep, but also emotional support, sleep structure, smoking and alcoholic habits appears to be important components. These health factors could be important to address in clinical work with painful musculoskeletal disorders. Since several health factors are common in both subjects with and without pain there could be a common strategy to be formed in public health programmes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: BioMed Central, 2008. Vol. 6, 98
Keyword [en]
Health Status, Pain, Quality of Life
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-2730DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-6-98ISI: 000263448900001PubMedID: 19014459Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-62649129808Local ID: 2082/3132OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-2730DiVA: diva2:239948
Note

This study was supported by grants from the Swedish Rheumatism Association, the Halland County Council, and the Swedish Social Insurance Agency.

Available from: 2009-08-12 Created: 2009-08-12 Last updated: 2016-10-21Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Health promoting factors in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain or with rheumatic diseases: a desciptive and interventional study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Health promoting factors in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain or with rheumatic diseases: a desciptive and interventional study
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aim: The overall aim of this thesis with a salutogenic approach was to describe health promoting factors in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain and in people with rheumatic diseases, and to evaluate the effects of an intervention study with a self-care promoting PBL-program for people with rheumatic diseases having chronic musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbances and/or fatigue.

Methods: This thesis is comprised of four samples: a randomly selected sample from a Swedish general population (study I) and three different samples containing people with rheumatic diseases registered at a hospital for rheumatic diseases in the southwest of Sweden (studies II, III and IV). Study I had a longitudinal cohort design with an eight-year follow-up in a general population. There were 1109 participants without chronic pain and 700 participants with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Study II had a longitudinal cohort design with participants with rheumatic diseases (n=185) 12 months after rehabilitation at a hospital for rheumatic diseases. Study III had a descriptive qualitative design with a phenomenological approach based on a reflective life-world perspective. Twelve participants were interviewed about their experiences about health-promoting self-care. Study IV had a randomised controlled design with post-test six months after the one-year self-care promoting problem-based learning (PBL) program for people with rheumatic diseases. The participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group, 54 participants, or to the control group, 148 participants. Data in studies I, II and IV were analysed with statistics. In study III a Husserlian phenomenological approach based on a reflective life-world perspective was used in the data collection and analysis.

Results: Study I: Although participants without chronic musculoskeletal pain reported better health-related quality of life (HRQL) than participants with chronic musculoskeletal pain, similar health factors were found to promote a better HRQL in the eight-year follow-up. The most important factors were feeling rested after sleep and having good sleep structure. Study II: The most important factors promoting better outcome in HRQL 12 months after rehabilitation in participants with rheumatic diseases were having a strong sense of coherence (SOC), feeling rested after sleep, having work capacity, and having good sleep structure. Study III: The meaning of health-promoting self-care as experienced by people with rheumatic diseases was that self-care takes place against a background of continual hope and belief to be able to influence health in positive ways. Self-care was a way of life and implied being ready to understand and respond to signals from the body. Three interrelated constituents elucidated the experiences: dialogue, power struggle and choice. Study IV: At the six month follow-up the participants in the experimental group had stronger empowerment after participation in the self-care promoting PBL-program compared with the control group which only got standard care for people with rheumatic diseases. There were no differences in HRQL, self-care ability, SOC, pain, quality of sleep or fatigue between the experimental group and the control group. The participants in the experimental group also stated that they had implemented lifestyle changes which they had not done without the PBL-program.

Conclusion: The results of this thesis provide a valuable and useful insight in health promoting factors in people with chronic musculoskeletal pain and in people with rheumatic diseases, but also in that people with rheumatic diseases have benefit from taking part in patient education with a self-care promoting PBL-program. These results contribute to evidence supporting the introduction of a more salutogenic approach in rheumatology care and research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, 2011. 164 p.
Series
Dissertation series (School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University), ISSN 1654-3602 ; 17
Keyword
Adult, chronic musculoskeletal pain, empowerment, health factors, HRQL, intervention, patient education, problem-based learning, rheumatic diseases, self-care
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-28606 (URN)978-91-85835-16-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-06-01, Forum Humanum, Hälsohögskolan, Jönköping, 09:30 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-07-28 Created: 2015-06-16 Last updated: 2016-10-21Bibliographically approved

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