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The effect of an oral health education program after three years
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare, Centre of Research on Welfare, Health and Sport (CVHI).
Oral Health Centre, Central Hospital, Halmstad, Sweden; King Faisal Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Department of Oral Public Health, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2003 (English)In: Special Care in Dentistry: managing special patients, settings, and situations, ISSN 0275-1879, E-ISSN 1754-4505, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 63-69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Three years after providing an oral health education program (OHEP) to nursing personnel, the authors analyzed the effect of the program on knowledge of the importance of oral health and on perception among the nurses of the possibility to implement oral care in patient care. The study was based on a cross-sectional survey of all nursing personnel (N = 2,901) in five municipalities in the Southwestern Sweden, of whom 950 had attended four one-hour lessons during an OHEP in 1996. The response rate to the survey questionnaire was 67% (1,930 subjects). Statistical analysis was performed by means of descriptive and analytical statistics. The program was shown to have an independent effect on the dependent variables "knowledge of oral health" and "assessment of implementation possibilities," This study has given further evidence of the feasibility of an educational program to improve both knowledge and implementation of oral health care. through interviews with 17 nursing personnel, selected by strategic sampling. Analysis of the transcribed interviews showed that there were four strategies, related to staff education, hospital resources, and leadership motivation. The strategies were grounded in data and emerged from the interaction between the two main categories: 'the valuation of the importance of oral health' and 'the behavior towards oral health maintenance'. They were characterized as the routine, theoretical, practical, and flexible strategies, with the latter considered ideal. As increased knowledge is one important part in enhancing the nursing personnel's ability to perform oral hygiene procedures, there is a need for education among nursing personnel, primarily among those using a routine strategy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2003. Vol. 23, no 2, p. 63-69
Keywords [en]
Health Promotion, Nursing Personnel, Oral Health Care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-1550DOI: 10.1111/j.1754-4505.2003.tb00292.xPubMedID: 14620765Local ID: 2082/1930OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-1550DiVA, id: diva2:238768
Available from: 2008-06-17 Created: 2008-06-17 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Paulsson, GunFridlund, Bengt

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