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Torque Sensor Free Power Assisted Wheelchair
Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
2007 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
Abstract [en]

A power assisted wheelchair combines human power, which is delivered by the arms through the pushrims, with electrical motors, which are powered by a battery. Today’s electric power assisted wheelchairs use force sensors to measure the torque exerted on the pushrims by the user. The force sensors in the pushrims are rather expensive and this approach also makes the wheels a little bit clumsy. The objective with this project is to find a new, better and cheaper solution that does not use expensive force sensors in the pushrims. The new power assisted wheelchair will instead only rely on its velocity, which is measured with rotational encoders, as feedback signal and thereby the project name “Torque Sensor Free Power Assisted Wheelchair”.

The project consisted of two main parts; an extensive construction part, where an ordinary joystick controlled motorized wheelchair has been rebuild to the new power assisted wheelchair without torque sensors and a development part, where different torque sensor free controllers has been designed, simulated, programmed and tested.

The project resulted in a torque sensor free power assisted wheelchair, where the final implemented design is a proportional derivative controller, which gives a very good assisting system that is robust and insensitive to measurement noise. The proportional derivative control design gives two adjustable parameters, which can be tuned to fit a certain user; one parameter is used to adjust the amplification of the user’s force and the other one is used to change the lasting time of the propulsion influence.

Since the new assisting control system only relies on the velocity, the torque sensor free power assisted wheelchair will besides giving the user assisting power also give an assistant, which pushes the wheelchair, additional power. This is a big advantage compared to the pushrim activated one, where this benefit for the assistant is not possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data- och Elektroteknik (IDE) , 2007.
Keywords [en]
torque sensor free, power assisted wheelchair, velocity disturbance controlled, power assisting, wheelchair, digital control, assisting power, motorized, sensor free, disturbance controlled, intelligent, rotational encoder, rotary encoder, electrical motors, development board, controller card
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-656Local ID: 2082/998OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-656DiVA, id: diva2:237836
Uppsok
Technology
Available from: 2007-04-27 Created: 2007-04-27 Last updated: 2007-04-27

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Citation style
  • apa
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Language
  • de-DE
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More languages
Output format
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