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Visual Servoing In Semi-Structured Outdoor Environments
Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
Halmstad University, School of Information Science, Computer and Electrical Engineering (IDE).
2007 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
Abstract [en]

The field of autonomous vehicle navigation and localization is a highly active research

topic. The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the feasibility to use outdoor visual navigation in a semi-structured environment. The goal is to develop a visual navigation system for an autonomous golf ball collection vehicle operating on driving ranges.

The image feature extractors SIFT and PCA-SIFT was evaluated on an image database

consisting of images acquired from 19 outdoor locations over a period of several weeks to

allow different environmental conditions. The results from these tests show that SIFT-type

feature extractors are able to find and match image features with high accuracy. The results also show that this can be improved further by a combination of a lower nearest neighbour threshold and an outlier rejection method to allow more matches and a higher ratio of correct matches. Outliers were found and rejected by fitting the data to a homography model with the RANSAC robust estimator algorithm.

A simulator was developed to evaluate the suggested system with respect to pixel noise from illumination changes, weather and feature position accuracy as well as the distance to features, path shapes and the visual servoing target image (milestone) interval. The system was evaluated on a total of 3 paths, 40 test combinations and 137km driven. The results show that with the relatively simple visual servoing navigation system it is possible to use mono-vision as a sole sensor and navigate semi-structured outdoor environments such as driving ranges.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för Informationsvetenskap, Data- och Elektroteknik (IDE) , 2007.
Keywords [en]
SIFT, PCA-SIFT, outdoor navigation, visual servoing, autonomous navigation, mono-vision, RANSAC, homography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-653Local ID: 2082/995OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-653DiVA, id: diva2:237833
Uppsok
Technology
Available from: 2007-04-27 Created: 2007-04-27 Last updated: 2007-04-27

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
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Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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