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The Historical Context of the Evolution of National Research Systems and International RTD Collaboration
University of Berlin, Inst.for Coop.Mgmt./Interdiscip. Res, Germany.
Halmstad University, School of Humanities (HUM), Contexts and Cultural Boundaries (KK).
University of Bergen, Norway.
2002 (English)In: Innovation. The European Journal of Social Sciences, ISSN 1351-1610, E-ISSN 1469-8412, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 265-278Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A historical overview of European science and technology suggests the existence of two parallel trends: those of nationalization and de-nationalization. Since the Enlightenment, besides the modernist universalist perspective on science we find nationalist pressures pushing the idea of socially constructed technology, thus generating scientific results determined by national (cultural) factors. Nationalization and de-nationalization thrive together in certain circumstances--for instance, in disciplines such as geology, meteorology, botany or even physics and chemistry. The entry into the scene of commercial interests gives rise to national interests, in turn hampering efficiency and progress from the scientific perspective. Through national research policies these differential development patterns have tended to create an often unnecessary conflict between basic and applied research. The EU RTD framework has still to resolve these contradictions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Carfax Publishing, Taylor & Francis Ltd , 2002. Vol. 15, no 4, p. 265-278
Keywords [en]
Research, Science, Technology & State, Sociocultural factors
National Category
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-198DOI: 10.1080/1351161022000042534Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-0036941989Local ID: 2082/483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-198DiVA, id: diva2:237376
Available from: 2006-11-22 Created: 2006-11-22 Last updated: 2018-03-23Bibliographically approved

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Hammarlund, Karl Gunnar

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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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