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PERCEIVED HEALTH: “A BENEFIT” OR “A COST” OF SPORT PARTICIPATION?
Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences (HOS).
2005 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to examine a relationship between perceived health and sport participation with objectives as follows: (a) to examine how athletes perceive their health and understand its importance for sport and life; (b) to examine what strategies athletes use to enhance their health and under what conditions they put their health at risk in sport; (c) to analyse social influences on athletes related to sport and health and (d) to analyse a position of health among athletes’ perceived “benefits” and “costs” of athletic career in its relation to satisfaction with sport participation. The perceived health and sport participation working model (Stambulova, Johnson, Lindwall & Hinic, 2004) was used as the theoretical framework for this study. Thirty six competitive athletes – representatives of different sports - were interviewed using a structured interview guide with both qualitative and quantitative questions. Inductive and deductive analyses were used to treat the qualitative data and to develop category profiles. SPSS was used to treat the quantitative data (descriptive statistics). The results show that the athletes’ attitude to their health is double sided. A majority of the athletes value health as important for life but at the same time 69% of them put their health at risk in their athletic career (e.g, practicing or competing when ill or injured). A majority of the athletes also use self enhancing strategies (e.g., injury and overtraining prevention), but are at the same time draining their health related resources. Health was the second highest perceived benefit of sport participation, but it was also the second highest perceived cost. Social influences are also contradictive as the athletes significant others express positive opinions about the link between sport and health, but they also often “push” athletes to put their health under risk in sport. The results are discussed in relation to the corresponding literature and the perceived health and sport participation working model.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Högskolan i Halmstad/Sektionen för Hälsa och Samhälle (HOS) , 2005. , p. 202831 bytes
Keywords [en]
athletic career, benefits, costs, health enhancing strategies, perceived health, social influences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-132Local ID: 2082/311OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-132DiVA, id: diva2:237310
Uppsok
Social and Behavioural Science, Law
Available from: 2006-02-14 Created: 2006-02-14 Last updated: 2007-02-13

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf