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Mellanchefers upplevelse av deras yrkesroll inom en byråkratisk organisation: med särskild fokus på krav, kontroll och stöd
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Middle managers experience of their professional role within a bureaucratic organization : with special focus on requirements, control and support (English)
Abstract [sv]

Fokus för den kvalitativa studien är att undersöka mellanchefers upplevelse inom vård och omsorg i en byråkratisk organisation med särskild fokus på krav, kontroll och stöd. Vi har intervjuat 8 enhetschefer som jobbar inom en byråkratisk organisation, respondenterna har svarat på frågor gällande vilka upplevelser de har kring deras arbetssituation. Våra intervjuer gjordes på ett semistrukturerat sätt. På grund av det stora avståndet mellan oss uppsatsförfattare har vi valt att utföra 4 intervjuerna var.

Resultatet visar att samtliga respondenter känner att de har stora krav från samhället, medarbetarna och ledningen. De menar att kraven har ökat med tiden och fortsätter öka som ett resultat av samhällets utveckling. Utöver kraven känner de också att de har kontroll över sitt arbete mestadels av tiden, men att det ibland finns stressiga perioder där de upplever att dygnets alla timmar inte räcker till.

Vi ställde frågan om de upplever att de får stöd i sitt arbete, vilket de upplevde. De får stöd i form av administrativt stöd eller i form av olika gruppchefer. Samtliga respondenter visade stor tacksamhet till det stöd som de får. Utöver kraven som förväntas av mellanchefer i arbetet har vi även valt att ta upp kraven som sätts på individens hantering av känslor, i uppsatsen har vi valt att kalla det emotionell aktivitet. Alla respondenter upplevde att de någon gång behöver gå in i roll för att kunna hantera en viss situation på jobbet.

Sammanfattningsvis har vi kommit fram till att trots att mellanchefer har höga krav, har de även hög kontroll inom en byråkratisk organisation. Enligt Karasek och Theorells (1990) krav, kontroll och stödmodell hamnar mellanchefer i kategorin för aktivt arbete, vilka löper stor risk för trötthet och utbrändhet.

Abstract [en]

This qualitative study has focused on examining the middle managers' self-perceived situation in a bureaucratic organization, with a special focus on the experience of demands and control. We have interviewed 8 middle managers who have worked within a bureaucratic organization, where the respondents have answered eg number of questions regarding their self-perceived situation. Our interviews were conducted in a semi-structured manner. Due to the large distance between us writers, we have chosen to conduct the interviews on our own.

The results show that all respondents feel that they have great demands from society, employees, management, etc. They believe that the demands have increased over time and that it continues to increase because we live in such a society. In addition to the requirements, they also feel that they have control over their work most of the time, but that sometimes there are stressful periods where they feel that all hours of the day are not enough.

We were asking if they feel that they receive enough support in their work, which they experienced. They receive support in the form of administrative support or in the form of various group leaders. All respondents showed great gratitude for the support they receive. In addition to requirements that are expected of one in the work, we have also chosen to address the requirements that are placed on the individuals emotional activity. All respondents felt that at some point they need to enter into such a professional role in order to be able to handle a certain situation at work.

In summary, we have come to the conclusion that despite high demands, you have high control as a middle manager in a bureaucratic organization. According to Karasek and Theorell (1990) requirements and control model, they fall into the category of active work, which runs the risk of being burnt out and fatigue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 29
Keywords [en]
Middle managers, requirements, demand, support, room for maneuver
Keywords [sv]
Mellanchef, krav, kontroll, stöd, handlingsutrymme
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-47251OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-47251DiVA, id: diva2:1673453
Subject / course
Work Science
Educational program
Work and Welfare, 180 credits
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2022-06-22 Created: 2022-06-21 Last updated: 2022-06-22Bibliographically approved

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