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Drop-out from team sport among adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9644-9555
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0990-4842
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4438-6673
School of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
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2022 (English)In: Psychology of Sport And Exercise, ISSN 1469-0292, E-ISSN 1878-5476, Vol. 61, article id 102205Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During the last decades, an increased drop-out rate in adolescents’ team sport participation is observed. Given the potential adverse consequences of drop-out from team sport more information about risk factors for drop-out is warranted. The objectives of this systematic review were to (1) synthesise the literature on factors associated with future drop-out from team sport among adolescents and (2) investigate the strength of associations between drop-out and related factors with meta-analysis. The databases Academic Search Elite, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMed and SPORTDiscus were searched for relevant publications from the earliest reported date until October 8, 2021. Articles were included if: (1) data about drop-out was collected; (2) the focus was on adolescents; (3) the context was team sport and (4) studies were of prospective design. We used the Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Non-randomized Studies (RoBANS) to assess the risk of bias in included studies. A narrative synthesis was conducted according to the reporting guideline of synthesis without meta-analysis. Studies that presented statistical data necessary for the calculation of Hedge’s g effect sizes were included in the meta-analysis. In total, 16 studies met the inclusion criteria and were included in the narrative synthesis. The meta-analysis included 12 of the studies. Altogether, 6304 adolescent team sport players participated in the selected studies. Of those studies, most had a focus on intrapersonal factors relationship with drop-out. The results showed that constructs related to motivation as well as sport experience had the strongest relationships with drop-out. To prevent drop-out from adolescents’ team sport, organisations and clubs are recommended to focus on developing a high-quality motivation climate that facilitates motivation and enjoyment. © 2022 The Authors

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2022. Vol. 61, article id 102205
Keywords [en]
Adolescents, Drop-out, Organised sport, Team sport, Sport participation
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46910DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2022.102205ISI: 000804923600001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85129949325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-46910DiVA, id: diva2:1664189
Note

Funding: The Swedish Football Association, Halland's Football Association, Skåne's Football Association, and Västergötland's Football Association. 

Available from: 2022-06-03 Created: 2022-06-03 Last updated: 2023-01-09Bibliographically approved

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Back, JennyJohnson, UrbanSvedberg, PetraIvarsson, Andreas

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