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Skolsköterskans uppfattning om det hälsofrämjande arbetet för att förebygga psykisk ohälsa: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
Halmstad University, School of Health and Welfare.
2022 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Den psykiska ohälsan bland ungdomar har ökat vilket kräver insatser från samhället. Skolsköterskan som träffar ungdomarna dagligen har en unik och betydelsefull roll för deras psykiska hälsa. Syfte: Syftet med studien var att undersöka skolsköterskans uppfattning om det hälsofrämjande arbetet för att förebygga ungdomars psykiska ohälsa. Metod: Kvalitativ innehållsanalys med en induktiv ansats användes. Tolv intervjuer genomfördes med skolsköterskor från olika kommuner i södra Sverige. Resultat: I resultatet framkom ett övergripande tema: Skolsköterskans strävan mot välfungerande samarbeten i ett elevcentrerat hälsofrämjande arbete med organisatoriska förutsättningar. Tre kategorier lyftes fram: en betydelsefull stödjande roll, värdet av välfungerande samarbeten och behovet av organisatoriska förutsättningar samt underkategorier. Skolsköterskorna betonade vikten av sin egen stödjande roll, ett fungerande samarbete och behovet av struktur för ett framgångsrikt hälsofrämjande arbete. Skolsköterskans roll uppgavs var att ligga steget före och öka elevens kunskap och medvetenhet kring deras hälsa samt stärka deras handlingsberedskap. Konklusion: Ungdomarnas psykiska ohälsa utmanas därför är det av värde att det hälsofrämjande arbetet prioriteras. Vidare forskning kring det hälsofrämjande arbetets effekt behövs men även forskning kring ungdomars uppfattning av skolsköterskors hälsofrämjande arbete.

Abstract [en]

Background: Mental health problems have increased among youth and requires action from society. The school nurse, who interacts daily with the youths, has a unique role to play. Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the school nurse's perception of health promotion to prevent youths mental health problems. Methods: Qualitative content analysis with an inductive approach was used. Twelve interviews were conducted with school nurses in southern Sweden. Results: A theme emerged: The school nurses strive for wellfunctioning collaborations in a student centered health promotion work with organizational conditions. Three categories were found: a significant supporting role, the value of wellfunctioning collaborations and the need of organizational conditions. School nurses emphasized the importance of their own supportive role, a functioning collaboration and structure for continued health promotion work. The school nurse's role in the health promotion work was stated to be one step ahead, increasing the student's knowledge and awareness of their health and to strengthen their preparedness for action. Conclusions: Mental health problems among youth is being challenged and health promotion work needs to be a priority. Further research on the effect of health promoting is needed along with research on youths perceptions of school nurses' health promoting work.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2022. , p. 22
Keywords [en]
Health promotion, mental health, mental health problems, school nurse, youth
Keywords [sv]
Hälsofrämjande, psykisk hälsa, psykisk ohälsa, skolsköterska, ungdom
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hh:diva-46887OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hh-46887DiVA, id: diva2:1663652
Educational program
Specialist Nursing - Pediatric Nursing, 60 credits
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Examiners
Available from: 2022-06-03 Created: 2022-06-02 Last updated: 2022-06-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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